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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

JAQUE-GALLARDO, Cristian; VELIZ-CAMPILLAY, Phillip  y  CANCINO-LOPEZ, Jorge. Effect of a high-speed bodyweight resistance training on timed up and go and one leg stance in older women. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2019, vol.147, n.9, pp.1136-1143. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0034-98872019000901136.

Background:

High-speed resistance training programs aiming to increase muscle power have beneficial effects on balance.

Aim:

To compare the effect of high-speed bodyweight resistance training and normal-speed bodyweight resistance training on the static and dynamic balance in community-dwelling older women.

Material and Methods:

Thirty-five non-disabled community-dwelling women aged 65 to 80 years were trained for 12 weeks using a high-speed bodyweight resistance training (HS-BT) or a normal-speed bodyweight resistance training (NS-BT). At baseline and after the intervention, One Leg Stance (OLS) and Timed Up and Go (TUG) tests were measured. Participants with an attendance to training sessions of less than 70% were excluded from the final analysis.

Results:

Data from 26 participants were analyzed, 14 women aged 71 ± 4 years who received HS-BT and 12 women aged 73 ± 4 years who received NS-BT. After 12 weeks of training, a significant improvement in TUG was observed in women receiving HS-BT (ΔTUG −1.07 sec, p < 0.01), but without changes in the OLS test. No significant changes were observed in any of the tests in the NS-BT group.

Conclusions:

High-speed bodyweight resistance training for 12 weeks improved TUG in these women.

Palabras clave : Aged; Postural Balance; Resistance Training; Women.

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