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Revista médica de Chile

Print version ISSN 0034-9887


LEIVA, Ana María  and  EN REPRESENTACION DEL GRUPO DE INVESTIGACION ELHOC et al. Association of a healthy lifestyle index with cardiovascular risk factors in Chileans adults. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2018, vol.146, n.12, pp.1405-1414. ISSN 0034-9887.


Healthy lifestyles are associated with a better metabolic and cardiovascular health profile.


To investigate the association between a lifestyle score and cardiovascular risk in Chilean adults.

Material and Methods:

A healthy lifestyle score was derived for 2,774 participants in the Chilean National Health Survey 2009-2010 and based on seven modifiable behaviors (salt intake, fruit and vegetable intake, alcohol consumption, sleep duration, smoking, physical activity and sedentary behaviors). A high score represented a healthier lifestyle whereas a low score represents an unhealthy lifestyle. The association between the lifestyle score and cardiovascular risk factors (obesity, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia and metabolic syndrome), was explored using logistic regression models.


One quartile increment in the healthy lifestyle score was associated with a lower risk for obesity (Odds ratio (OR): 0.82 [95% confidence intervals (CI): 0.75 to 0.90], p < 0.01), central obesity (OR: 0.88 [95% CI: 0.81 to 0.96], p < 0.01), diabetes (OR: 0.84 [95% CI: 0.75 to 0.95], p < 0.04) and dyslipidemia (OR: 0.90 [95% CI: 0.83 to 0.98], p = 0.01). These results were independent of major confounding factors.


The adherence to a healthy lifestyle is associated with lower cardiovascular risk.

Keywords : Cardiovascular Diseases; Diabetes; Diet; Lifestyle; Obesity.

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