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Revista médica de Chile

Print version ISSN 0034-9887


NUNEZ-GONZALEZ, Solange; AULESTIA-ORTIZ, Sandy; BORJA-VILLACRES, Edison  and  SIMANCAS-RACINE, Daniel. Mortality due to ischemic heart disease in Ecuador 2001- 2016. A time trend study. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2018, vol.146, n.8, pp.850-856. ISSN 0034-9887.


Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) is the leading cause of mortality worldwide.


To analyze the evolution of mortality by IHD in Ecuador, from 2001 to 2016.

Material and Methods:

Analysis of Ecuador death registries elaborated by the National Statistics and Census Institute. Specific and age-adjusted mortality rates were calculated for the 2001-2016 period in Ecuador. The annual percent change (APC) and the average annual percent change (AAPC) were estimated. Changes in trends were located through joinpoint regression analysis.


From 2001 to 2016 there were 46,133 deaths due to IHD in Ecuador, of which 60% (n = 27,489) corresponded to men. In the joinpoint regression analysis, the crude mortality rates for IHD reported an increase in the AAPC of 4.0% (2001-2016, 95% CI: 1.5 – 6.6). Rates adjusted for age increased with an AAPC of 3.2% (2001-2016, 95% CI: 0.7 – 5.8).


Mortality due to ischemic heart disease increased in Ecuador in the period 2001-2016. Two marked periods were observed, one with a decrease followed by a significant increase, in both sexes and all age groups.

Keywords : Cardiovascular Diseases; Ecuador; Mortality; Regression Analysis.

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