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Revista médica de Chile

Print version ISSN 0034-9887


PENA, Camila; MARTI, María José; VILLEGAS, Pablo  and  UNDURRAGA, María Soledad. Hipercalcemia, peak monoclonal y leucemización como presentación de un linfoma de células B de alto grado, con reordenamiento de MYC, BCL-2 y BCL-6 (Triple Hit). Caso clínico. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2017, vol.145, n.11, pp.1485-1489. ISSN 0034-9887.

High-grade B-cell lymphomas with rearrangement of MYC, BCL-2 and/or BCL-6 were introduced by the update of the WHO classification of lymphoid neoplasms. They usually present unique morphological and molecular characteristics, with an aggressive clinical outcome and worse prognosis. We report a 48 year-old female patient presenting with B symptoms and enlarged lymph nodes. Blood count showed pancytopenia and peripheral blood smears showed large lymphoid cells, some with nuclei and vacuoles. LDH was 3524 g/L and serum calcium was 11.5 mg/dL. Flow cytometry immunophenotyping showed pathological mature B lymphocytes. Protein electrophoresis showed a slight monoclonal peak. The biopsy disclosed a triple expressor diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, arising from germinal center. FISH was positive for MYC, BCL-2 and BCL-6 (triple hit) with a clonal evolution. Conventional cytogenetics showed a complex karyotype. Chemotherapy was started with R-CHOP (Rituximab/cyclophosphamide/doxorubicin/vincristine/prednisone). She developed impaired consciousness; the brain CT scan showed a large brain mass. The patient died within 3 weeks.

Keywords : Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-6; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c- bcl-2.

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