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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

CASTILLO-RIQUELME, Marianela  y  SANTELICES C, Emilio. Foundations for the institutionalization of health technology assessment in Chile. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2014, vol.142, suppl.1, pp.50-54. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872014001300009.

The Chilean health system has not been completely oblivious to health technology assessment (HTA). In fact, significant advances in the areas of health prioritization using criteria of disease burden, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness among others, can be acknowledged. The introduction of the reform of Explicit Health Guarantees (GES) has been an important milestone in this arena, allowing the consideration of other dimensions such as social preferences in health. However, the application of HTA encompasses the entire health system and in that sense the institutionalization of a process properly defined and extensively validated in our country, is imminent. This paper discusses the foundations on which progress must be made in institutionalizing HTA, starting from the architecture of our health care system and in light of the economic and social reality. We review some background information first, and then discuss some important considerations in our context, including information on the institutional and legal framework. It concludes with the authors' view on some key elements to consider in HTA in Chile, which does not necessarily represent the vision of the Ministry of Health.

Palabras clave : Chile; Institutionalization; Health priorities; Health technology; Technology assessment; biomedical.

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