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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

LEON, Tomás et al. Domestic violence in Chile. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2014, vol.142, n.8, pp.1014-1022. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872014000800009.

According to recent surveys, there is a high prevalence of domestic violence (DV) in Chile. A systematic review was conducted in PubMed, Scielo, and Lilacs with the MesH terms “Chile”, “Mental Health”, “Health”, “Domestic Violence”, to explore the impact of DV on health in Chile. Eleven studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Two studies were prospective, exploring the influence of DV on maternal-infant health. Nine studies explored the influence of DV on mental health in adults. DV was associated with deranged mental health indicators specially anxiety and depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation. Similar results were observed among mothers who were victims of violence and their children. It is concluded that DV is a complex phenomenon with serious effects on health. However the number of studies on the subject is low and new follow up studies are required. Predictive models for DV and effective preventive measures are urgently needed.

Palabras clave : Chile; Domestic Violence: Mental Health.

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