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Revista médica de Chile

Print version ISSN 0034-9887

Abstract

OYARZUN G, Manuel et al. Experience of a research Ethics Committee and the challenges of the new Chilean legislation on research in human beings. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2014, vol.142, n.7, pp.889-895. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872014000700009.

The welfare of research participants must be guaranteed by international ethical standards. This article communicates the procedures of the Research Ethics Committee of the School of Medicine, University of Chile (CEISH). The new Chilean legislation on research in human beings is also discussed. Law 20.120: "On scientific research in human beings, its genome and forbidding human cloning" establishes the ethical principles that must be accomplished in every research involving human beings. Article 28 of the Law 20.584 "Regulation of the rights and duties of health care users", forbids the participation of handicapped people who cannot express their will in scientific research. Article 13 states that people not related directly with patient care cannot have access to his clinical records (with the exception of people with notarial authorization by the patient). CEISH proposes that, in case of people with intellectual deficiency, the decision to approve a scientific research should be analyzed on an individual basis. If the person is capable of expressing his or her will or has stated his or her consent beforehand, the research can be authorized. If the person cannot express his or her will, the scientific research cannot take place. In prospective studies, a consent from the patient and an authorization of the health authority should be required to access clinical records. In retrospective studies, consent should be obtained from the patient when personal information is going to be used. If the information is nameless, the consent can be disregarded.

Keywords : Ethics Committees, research; Ethics, research; Professional staff committees.

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