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Revista médica de Chile

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ARTEAGA, Antonio; MAIZ, Alberto; RIGOTTI, Attilio  and  CORTES, Víctor. Association between diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease in Chilean adults: Analysis of the national health survey 2009-2010. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2014, vol.142, n.2, pp.175-183. ISSN 0034-9887.

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a recognized atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ACVD) risk factor. This association has yet to be quantified in the Chilean population. Aim: To compare the frequency of ACVD between diabetic and non-diabetic Chilean subjects. Material and Methods: Data was extracted from the Chile National Health Survey (ENS) performed in 2009-2010. DM diagnosis was made with fasting glucose. ACVD (coronary, cerebral and peripheral vascular disease) was established by self-report. Major cardiovascular risk factors were identified by clinical and laboratory assessment. Results: A total of 5,416 adults (2,200 men and 3,216 women) were surveyed in ENS 2009-2010. Of these, 508 were diabetic and 375 reported ACVD. ACVD frequency was 16.1% and 6.1% in diabetic and non-diabetic subjects, respectively. In diabetic men, the frequency of ACVD steadily increased with age, from 5.1% to 22.1%. In diabetic women, the highest frequency of ACVD (17.4%) was found in ages ranging from 45 to 54 years. In people younger than 54 years, the odds ratio for ACVD in diabetic compared to non-diabetic subjects, was 3.59 in men (χ2 = 4.03 p < 0.03) and 5.26 in women (χ2 = 7.7 p < 0.007). Cardiovascular risk factors and metabolic syndrome were significantly more common in diabetic subjects with reported ACVD. Conclusions: DM is associated with an increased frequency of ACVD and cardiovascular risk factors in Chilean adults. In line with international reports, our findings suggest that DM is also a cardiovascular risk factor in Chile, particularly relevant for women.

Keywords : Atherosclerosis; Diabetes mellitus; Risk factors.

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