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Revista médica de Chile

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CATALDO, Luis Rodrigo et al. Mitochondrial DNA heteroplasmy of the m.3243A>G mutation in maternally inherited diabetes and deafness. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2013, vol.141, n.3, pp.305-312. ISSN 0034-9887.

Maternally Inherited Diabetes and Deafness (MIDD) is caused by mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), mainly m.3243A>G. Severity, onset and clinical phenotype of MIDD patients are partially determined by the proportion ofmutant mitochondrial DNA copies in each cell and tissue (heteroplasmy). The identification ofMIDD allows a corred treatment with insulin avoiding drugs that may interfere with mitochondrial electrón chain transpon. We estimated the degree of heteroplasmy ofthe mutation m.3243A>G from blood, saliva, hair root and a muscle biopsy using quantitative PCR (qPCR) in a femóle adult patient. For this purpose, PCR producís were inserted in a vector creatingplasmids with 3243A or G. Mutant and wild-type vectors were mixed in different proportions to créate a calibration curve used to interpólate heteroplasmy percentages with qPCR threshold cycles. The proportions of m.3243A>G heteroplasmy were 62% (muscle), 14% (saliva), 6% (blood leukocytes) and 3% in hair root. Quantitative analysis of heteroplasmy showed marked variations in different tissues (highest in muscle and lowest in blood). Given the relatively high heteroplasmy found in saliva, this type of biológical sample may represent an adequate non-invasive way for assessing the presence of m.3243A>G mutations in epidemiologic studies.

Keywords : Deafness; DNA; mitochondrial; Genetic techniques.

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