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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887


ARAVENA, Edmundo et al. Results of chronic hepatitis C treatment in a public hospital. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2012, vol.140, n.12, pp.1529-1534. ISSN 0034-9887.

Background: Chronic hepatitis C is an important health problem in Chile. In 2005, the Ministry of Health started a pilot treatment program with peg interferon and ribavirin, to be developed in public hospitals all over the country. Aim: To report the results ofhepatitis C treatment obtained at our institution. Patients and Methods: Between 2005 and 2009, 63 patients were referred for treatment. In all, the viral load and genotype were determined. Peg interferon alpha-2a or alpha-2b plus ribavirin were used for therapy for up to 48 weeks in genotypes (G) 1 or 4 or 24 weeks in genotypes 2 or 3. If at the end oftreatment, viral load measured by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was negative, it was repeated 6 months later. A negative viral load at that time was considered a sustained viral response (SVR). Results: Among the 51 patients who started treatment, 42 (80.4%) were G1,1 was G2,1 was G4 and 7 were G3. A SVR was reached in 51.1% ofG 1 and 4 and in 87.5% in G 3 and 2. In a univariate analysis, the variables significantly associated with a positive viral response were the degree offibrosis and body mass index. Conclusions: These results are similar to those obtained in other international series, demonstrating that Hispanic ethnicity does not influence the response to treatment. Our good results could be explained by the excellent compliance of the patients to the treatment. A higher degree offibrosis and a higher BMI were associated with a poor response.

Palabras clave : Hepatitis C, chronic; Peginterferon alfa-2a; Peginterferon alfa-2b; Ribavirin.

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