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Revista médica de Chile

Print version ISSN 0034-9887

Abstract

ROJAS H, CHRISTINE et al. Lymphomas associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection: Retrospective review of medical records. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2011, vol.139, n.1, pp.27-35. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872011000100004.

Background: The incidence oflymphoma increases enormously inpatients infecten with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Aim: To describe the incidence, clinical and histológica! characteristics, treatments and survival of lymphomas associated with HTV infection. Material and Methods: Retrospective review of medical records ofpatients with HIV and lymphoma, treated in a public hospital, between January 2001 and June 2009. Results: Twenty-two mole patients were included but 14 had immunohistochemical confirmation ofthe lymphoma. The accumulated incidence for thisperiod was 2.8%. The median age at lymphoma diagnosis was 39.5 years. Twelvepatients (86%) had non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHI) and two (14%) Hodgkin lymphoma. The main pathological type of non-Hodgkin lymphomas was diffuse large B cell in seven cases (50%). The mean CD4 cell count and viral load were 83 cell/mm3 (33.5-113.5) and 26.000 RNA copies/ml (1210-196500), respectively Twelve patients (86%) had B type symptoms of lymphoma at the moment of diagnosis. Eleven patients (29%) received chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy, onepatient (7%) received radiotherapy alone and two patients (14%) received palliative symptomatic treatment. Six cases (43%) received highly active antiretroviral therapy simultaneously with chemotherapy. Global mortality in this series was 57% (8patients) with a median survival time of 5.8 months (2.6-26.2). Conclusions: In this series ofpatients infected with HIV, a predominance of aggressive histológica! subtypes of lymphomas and low complete remission rates, were observed.

Keywords : Anti-retroviral agents; HIV; lymphoma.

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