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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887


VALDIVIESO D, VICENTE  y  MONTERO L, JOAQUÍN. Health care reform in Chile: 2005 to 2009. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2010, vol.138, n.8, pp.1040-1046. ISSN 0034-9887.

Five years ago Chile implemented a Health Care Reform to reduce the great inequalities in health care provision that affects the low- income, high-risk segment of its population. A universal care plan ("AUGE") was designed to make medical coverage available to all Chilean citizens suffering from one of a specifed, growing list of diseases (66 at present time). The diseases are prioritized by the Ministry of Health and its inclusion in the plan is revised periodically by an Advisory Committee according to four cardinal criteria: burden of disease, effectiveness of treatment, specific capacity of the health system and financial costs. The plan is funded by the state and enforced by law through a set of four specific guarantees: access, opportunity, quality and financial protection. This paper reviews the origin and development of the reform, the benefits and drawbacks of the application of the specific guarantees and the perception of the public regarding its strengths and weaknesses.

Palabras clave : Chile; Health Care reform; Public Health.

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