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Revista médica de Chile

Print version ISSN 0034-9887

Abstract

IBANEZ C, FERNANDO et al. Endovascular management of acute complications of type b aortic dissection. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2010, vol.138, n.7, pp.821-826. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872010000700005.

Background: Type B aortic dissection is usually managed by intensive care medical therapy and surgery is reserved for treating the complications that can occur during the evolution of a case. Aim: To assess the endovascular management of acute complications of type B aortic dissection and the closure of the intimal defect and aortic false lumen. Material and Methods: Retrospective analysis of 8 consecutive patients aged 40 to 57 years (seven males) treated for acute complications in the initial episode of a type B aortic dissection between August 2006 and July 2008. Results: Six/eight were known hypertensive patients. The indications for surgery were intractable pain in one, hypertension refractory to treatment in two and distal hypoperfusion in fve. Five patients required covering of the left subclavian artery ostium, without need for surgical repair. One patient was subjected to renal angioplasty and stenting. Technical success was achieved in all cases, with complete closure of the proximal aortic tear and thoracic aortic false lumen, although 7 of patients had a persistent distal aortic false lumen. One case had a transient lower limb paraparesis. No patient died. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment is effective in closing the aortic tear as well as the thoracic aortic false lumen in aortic type B dissections with a low complication rate. Due to the high frequency of distal aortic false lumen persistence, it is not a defnitive treatment for this condition but it is useful for the acute complications of the initial phase of type B aortic dissection.

Keywords : Aortic diseases; Aortic dissection; Stents.

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