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Revista médica de Chile

Print version ISSN 0034-9887


URRUTIA, Mila; CAMPOS, Solange  and  O'CONNOR, Annette. Validation of a Spanish version of the Decisional Conflict Scale. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2008, vol.136, n.11, pp.1439-1447. ISSN 0034-9887.

Background: In Chile, in approximately 50% of nursing students, nursing was not their first choice as career. Usually, during the first year, these students must decide whether they would like to continue in the same career. A valid tool is needed to identify decisional conflicts and their contributing factors among these students and to develop an appropriate strategy to support them duríng their decision-making process. Aim: To translate into Spanish and validate the Generic Decisional Conflict Scale (DCS). Material and methods: The DCS was translated from English to Spanish and was used with 331 first-year nursing students at the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. The scale was assessed for validity and reliability using statistical tests, including factor analysis and Cronbach alpha test. Results: The Spanish version of the DCS had acceptable validity and reliability. Factorial analysis identified four factors and only the item: "advice" loaded the other factors. Cronbach alpha was 0.80. Conclusions: DCS is a valid and useful instrument to identify decisional conflicts and contributing factors to continue studies among nursing students.

Keywords : Decisión makings; Education, nursing; student dropouts.

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