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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887


RIVAS R, Edith; BARRIOS C, Sara; DORNER P, Anita  y  OSORIO S, Ximena. Association between indoor contamination and respiratory diseases in children living in Temuco and Padre Las Casas, Chile. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2008, vol.136, n.6, pp.767-774. ISSN 0034-9887.

Background: Indoor air pollution, is the main cause of population exposure to polluting agents. Aim: To establish an environmental profile of indoor contamination emission sources in families of children under 5years that assist to kindergartens in Temuco and Padre Las Casas. To associate respiratory disease episodes in children with indoor contamination. Material and methods: Cross sectional analysis of 355 family groups subjected to questionnaires about indoor contamination and number of respiratory disease episodes. Results: Forty six percent of mothers or caregivers smoked, 37% smoked at home and 93% smoked one to two cigarettes per day. There was a significant association between respiratory diseases in children and drying clothes in the kitchen, using firewood for heating and the presence of humidity in the dwelling. Mothers identified as indoor contaminants the use of braziers in 76% of cases and firewood stoves in 24%. Ninety seven percent considered that these appliances were detrimental for respiratory health. Conclusions: The lack of awareness about indoor contamination among subjects of low socioeconomic status, should prompt educational campaigns to modify behaviors in their dwellings

Palabras clave : Air pollution, indoor; Infants; Respiratory tract diseases.

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