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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887


AGLONY I, Marlene et al. Clinical findings and immunologic variability in 9 patients with DiGeorge syndrome. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2004, vol.132, n.1, pp.26-32. ISSN 0034-9887.

DiGeorge syndrome is characterized by developmental defects of the heart, parathyroid glands and thymus. Aim: To describe the clinical variability of DiGeorge syndrome and its relation with immunodeficiency. Patients and methods: A three years retrospective chart review from three hospitals of Santiago, Chile was conducted. We included patients with neonatal diagnosis of DiGeorge syndrome. Clinical and immuno-logic data were collected from their initial evaluation. Results: We found 9 patients with DiGeorge syndrome. All had dysmorphic facies, hypocalcemia and congenital heart disease. Three patients had hypoparathyroidism, 4 had interrupted aortic arch type B, 4 had tetralogy of Fallot and 1 had coarctation of aorta. Six patients had other malformations and associated diseases. FISH studies, performed in 8 patients, found the 22q11.2 microdeletion in all. Most patients had low CD3, CD4 and CD8 T cell counts, that ranged for CD3 T cells, between 256/mm3 and 3,664/mm3, for CD4 T cells, between 224/mm3 and 2,649/mm3, for CD8 T cells, between 26/mm3 and 942/mm3. Three patients had CD4 T cells counts <400/mm3 and one had a phytohemagglutinin stimulation index <10. Airway malformations and primary hypoparathyroidism were present in 3 out of 4 patients that died before 18 months compared with the surviving patients (p=0.048). Conclusions: We found variable clinical manifestations as well as CD3, CD4 and CD8 T cell counts in patients with DiGeorge syndrome. Airway malformations were associated with a higher mortality (Rev Méd Chile 2004; 132: 26-32)

Palabras clave : Chromosome abnormalities; Chromosomes; human; pair 22; DiGeorge syndrome.

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