SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.131 número1Estudio del polimorfismo de receptores FcgammaIIa en pacientes chilenos con lupus eritematoso sistémicoAnticuerpos anti-transglutaminasa tisular: ¿una mejor prueba para detectar transgresiones menores de la dieta en pacientes celíacos? índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados




Links relacionados


Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887


TASSARA O, Renzo et al. Gastrointestinal diseases in children infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2003, vol.131, n.1, pp.19-24. ISSN 0034-9887.

Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemiology has changed, affecting an increasing number of children. As in adults, the disease predominantly affects the digestive and respiratory systems. Aim: To report the gastrointestinal problems in HIV infected pediatric patients. Patients and methods: Twenty four HIV infected children (nine male, aged 1 to 12 years old, followed for 1 to 170 months), are reported. This group has been under care by a multiprofessional team. Results: Oral candidiasis was present in 21 (88%), esophagic candidiasis in 3 (13%), oral ulcers in 4 (17%). Diarrhea was observed in 18 children (75%) and in eight, it had a chronic evolution. Cryptosporidium parvum was the most frequent agent found in six cases (1 with acute and 5 with chronic diarrhea). Schlerosing cholangiopathy was observed in one case, with a fatal outcome, in association to microsporidiosis. Upper endoscopy was done in 11 patients, demonstrating microscopic inflammatory changes in esophagic, gastric and duodenal epithelia in all. Conclusions: Digestive problems are common in HIV infected pediatric patients. They must be always sought actively. Endoscopy is a valuable tool for the early diagnosis of these problems (Rev Méd Chile 2003; 131: 19-24)

Palabras clave : Candidiasis, oral; HIV enteropathy; HIV infections; HIV seropositivity.

        · texto en Español


Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons