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Revista médica de Chile

Print version ISSN 0034-9887

Abstract

DONOSO G, María Verónica et al. Neuropeptide Y contribution to the physiology of human sympathetic co transmission.: Studies in saphenous vein biopsies. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2000, vol.128, n.8, pp.829-838. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872000000800001.

Background: It is known that the sympathetic varicosities co-store and co-release norepinephrine (NE) together with adenosine S-triphosphate (ATP) and neuropeptide Y (NPY). Aim: To describe the chemical characterisation of stored and released NPY from the varicosities of sympathetic nerve terminals surrounding segments of the human saphenous vein, and the vasomotor activity of rings electrically depolarized or contracted by the exogenous application of the co-transmitters. Material and methods: Saphenous vein tissues were obtained from patients undergoing elective cardiac revascularization surgery. Results: The chromatographic profile of NPY extracted from biopsies is identical to a chemical standard of human NPY. Upon electrical depolarisation of the perivascular sympathetic nerve terminals, we demonstrated the release of NPY to the superfusion media, which did not exceed a 1% of its stored content. The release of the peptide is sensitive to guanethidine, and to extracellular calcium, suggesting that the mechanism of its release is exocytotic in nature. The electrically evoked release of NPY is dependent on the frequency and duration of the electrical pulses. Phenoxybenzamine reduces the electrically evoked release of NPY. Exogenous application of NE and ATP contract saphenous vein rings; the simultaneous application of NE plus ATP causes a synergic response, effect which is further potentiated by the joint co-application of 10 nM NPY. Conclusions: Present results highlight the role of NPY as a sympathetic co-transmitter in the regulation of human vascular tone. (Rev Méd Chile 2000; 128: 829-38).

Keywords : Biogenic amine neurotransmitters; Neuropeptide Y; Saphenous vein.

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