ISSN 0717-6228 online version
ISSN 0370-4106 print version


Scope and policy

1. Submission. Revista Chilena de Pediatría only accepts for publication original papers describing clinical or experimental Research, Social Medicine, Public Health or Bioethics as they relate to children. They must not have been published in other Journals. Revista Chilena de Pediatría reserves all rights on manuscripts submitted. Order of publication is decided by the Editorial Committee and is the final responsibility of the Director of the Journal. They reserve the right to reject articles for technical or scientific reasons, as well as suggest or perform reductions or modifications to the text or graphics.

Articles sent for publication to Revista Chilena de Pediatría must follow these instructions, as described in Uniform Requirements for Publications Submitted to Biomedical Journals of the International Committee of Editors of Medical journals, as reproduced in detail in Rev Chil Pediatr 1999; 70: 145-61., april 2010.

The manuscript must be submitted in double space, font times 12, MS Word or equivalent, at most 10 pages. Reviews may extend to 15 pages, and short communications or letters to the editor must be 3 pages only in length.

The manuscript must be electronically submitted through the OJS system applied by Revista Chilena de Pediatría since January 2017 (; the author must obtain a user name and password, enter the system, qualify the type of article (original, clinical case, etc). and enter it with the detail the OJS system indicates. Articles will not be accepted in any other format.

At the time of sending the article via OJS, the Letter of Agreement must be sent through Of the same system which is found in the "Author " section, under the heading "List of verification of submission" of the editorial system on line.

Original Articles, Clinical Cases and Brief Reports must enclose the Ethical Committee approval or exemption document. Each Ethical Committee must decide if Informed Consent is required during the internal evaluation of the manuscript. Those articles which include personal data or photos of the patients must enclose an Informed Consent in addition to the Ethical Committee document.

2. Multiple publication. A declaration of multiple publication was approved at the International Committee of Medical Journals (Vancouver Group) in May 1983. It has been edited as a guide for authors and editors. Multiple publications are those which are focused on the same information, content and analysis although its editing and presentation is different. Multiple publication may be parallel or repeated. Parallel publication is that produced for readers whose main language is different from the primary publication, and therefore would not have access to the primary publication; this is also called bi-lingual publication. This classification includes secondary publications targeting physicians who do not commonly use indexing methods in their regular updating methodology. Repeated or duplicative publication refers to multiple publication for readers who are shared by primary and secondary sources and possibly use similar indexing methods.

Journal editors'policy regarding multiple publications is as follows:

Parallel publication is accepted if a) editors of both Journals are informed, and the editor of the second Journal has a reproduction of the first version, b) priority of the first publication is respected in an interval of at least 2 weeks, c) the content of the second version is written for a different group of readers, in other words, it is a simple translation of the first one from which sometimes a condensed version will be sufficient, d) the second version faithfully reflects the information and interpretations of the first, e) a footnote in the first page of the second version informs readers and documenting agencies that the work was edited and is being published for a parallel audience, utilizing the same information. The first page footnote should give sufficient and adequate reference to the first version, f) in the curriculum vitae and reports of productivity, parallel publications must be indicated in an inequivocal manner.

Repeated or duplicative publication is not accepted. Authors who violate this rule will be sanctioned. Preliminary disclosure or publication, that is divulging scientific information described in a manuscript which has been accepted but not published yet is considered in many Journals to be a violation of publication rights. In exceptional cases and only with the approval of the Editor, information can be prematurely disclosed, prevent risk in a population.

3. Review. Revista Chilena de Pediatría adheres to the principles defined by The Council of Science Editors (CSE) available in

All manuscripts submitted to Revista Chilena de Pediatría are peer reviewed by two experts in the subject dealt in the research, and one expert who evaluates the methodology. Manuscripts returned to the author to incorporate the observations of the reviewers will have 45 calendar days to submit the corrected version.

In case of conflicto of interest between authors and experts, a note should be added at the "Editor's Comments" section of the electronic system of input, indicating the names of those who should not be asked to review. This information will be kept confidential.

4. The EQUATOR Network is an international initiative that seeks to improve reliability and value of medical research literature by promoting transparent and accurate reporting of research studies. The EQUATOR Network is directed by an international Steering Group that brings together leading experts in health research methodology, statistics, reporting and editorial work. It was founded, among others, by the Pan American Health Organization, a regional office of the World Health Organization. In 2007 the Group established the core programme with two primary objectives for the next five years: 1. to provide resources and education enabling the improvement of health research reporting, and 2. to monitor progress in the improvement of health research reporting.

Three main areas can be found in the Homepage, Resources for authors, Resources for reporting guidelines developers, and Resources for editors and peer reviewers. In the Author's Area it can be found a detailed information about the following resources: Planning and conducting a research, writing a research, medical writers - additional resources, and Ethical guidelines and considerations. Revista Chilena de Pediatria strongly supports this initiative, asking to authors of biomedical manuscripts to visit EQUATOR page seeking to improve reliability and value of medical research literature.

Form and preparation of manuscripts

Contributions will be classified as follows:


Editorials are brief essays expressing the author's point of view on a Medical or General Pediatric issue. It can also deal with a research publication of review published in the same issue. Editorials offer perspectives on how information relates to other data in the area. In general, they are requested by the Editorial Committee to an author or a group of authors on a subject.

Regarding content, it may be related to an up-to-date subject, not necessarily related to the content of the issue, in other cases it may present the Journal's point of view regarding a subject, it might also refer to editorial policies, and it will be signed by those responsible for the Editorial.

Maximum recommended length is five pages of text, with ten or less bibliographic references, no Tables or Figures, and no Summary.


The goal of Clinical Case Reports is to educate and inform regarding specific aspects of a specific pathology or Syndrome previously not described, present a known case of low frequency, or inform of poorly known or recently developed diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.

Structure should be similar to an Original Article, replacing sections entitled "Patient and Method" and "Results" by as section named "Clinical Case'. The abstract must be structured, 250 words in length (maximun), and the manuscript should include an Introduction, Objective, Clinical Case in detail, and Conclusion the authors remark from what has been presented. The maximun number of words is 2000, and the number of references must be between 7 and 25.


Original Articles report the results of research studies in Basic or Clinical Sciences. It should vontain enough information so that the reader can evaluate the results, repeat the experiments, and evaluate the intellectual processes that are contained in the article. This type of manuscript should be highly structured. It should include a Title, Abstract, Introduction, Patients/Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions. Manuscripts that do not comply with this structure will be rejected. This structure must be applied also to the Abstract, which must be submitted in Spanish and English, with a maximun of 250 words. The manuscript should not exceed 3500 in length.

Detailed instructions for the Sections follow:

3.1 Title Page

In the list of Authors, institutional affiliation, profession and specialty should be included.

3.2 Abstract

The second page must contain: a) A summary of 250 words of less describing the purpose of the study, patients and method, main results in quantitative form if applicable, and main conclusions. Non-standerd abbreviations are not accepted. B) A summary in English, same as previously described.

These summaries must be structured according to the sections of the article, that is: objective, patients/material and method, results, conclusion in brief, explicit form. It shpuld nclude at least three keywords included in Mesh (

3.3 Introduction

This section should summarize the rationale of the study or observation, and clearly express the purpose of the study. When pertinent, the tested hypothesis should be made explicit. The subject does not be reviewed extensively, and citations must be limited to those pertinent to the work presented. This section ends with the Objective of the research.

3.4 Patients and Methods

This section describes clearly subject selection for the study. Method, instruments and procedures are identified with enough precision to allow other observers to reproduce the results. When using established and frequently used methods, it is sufficient to name and cite references. When methods are published but not well known, references are provided with a brief description. When methods are new, or previous methods are modified, precise descriptions must be included, with justification for its use and explanation of limitations.

When experiments are carried out on humans, it is essential that a statement be made that process was reviewed following the Helsinki Declaration (1975) by an "ad hoc"committee at the institution where the research was performed. If Informed Consent was required, a copy must be added, together with the letter of acceptance of the Ethics Committee.

All pharmaceuticals and chemical compounds must be identified by its generic name, dose and form of administration. Whenever possible, patients should be identified through correlative numbers, not through their chart numbers, initials, or names. The number of subjects and observations must be detailed, also the sample size, statistical methods and statistical level of significance used.

3.5 Results

Results must be presented sequentially, in concordance to the text, Tables, and Figures. Data can be shown in Tables or Figures, but not both. Results should not be described as well as shown in a Table or Figure. The text should only summarize or highlight the most significant observations. Presentation of results obtained in this research should not be mixed with the discussion of the topic.

3.6 Discussión

This section should highlight the new and important aspects of the subject provided by your research and the conclusions you propose based on them. Data from results need not be repeated. Implications of your findings must be made explicit, their limitations explained, and relationship with other studies must be made, where each study is identified through the respective citation. This is the place to connect objectives and conclusions. Conclusions should be avoided if not solidly backed up by data. Studies not yet completed by the author or other authors should not be used as support or points of discussion. New hypotheses may be offered when appropriate, and clearly identified as such. Recommendations may be offered when appropriate. This section ends with Conclusions obtained by authors from the experience.

3.7 Acknowledgements

Only persons and institutions who provided significant contributions to the work may be acknowledged.

3.8 References

Whenever possible, national references should be included. Citations should be listed in the order mentioned in the text, with a maximum 40 references. References should be identified in the text in Arabic numbers in paranthesis, placed at the end of the paragraph where they are alluded to. Those references cited only in Tables or Graphs should be numbered in the first place where the text alludes to the corresponding Table or Graph. The names of Journals must be abbreviated according to Index Medicus convention. No reference should be given to "unpublished observations" or "personal communication", which may be inserted in parenthesis in the text. Papers officially accepted for publication may be included; in that case, the reference must include, in parenthesis, the words "in press". Work sent for publication but not officially accepted may not be added to references, but cited in the text in parenthesis as "unpublished observations".

The order for each citation must be as follows:

a) Journal articles: Last name and initial for the autor(s). Mention all authors if under six, if over seven authors, mention the first three, adding 'é'. Only commas separate names. The complete title follows, in its original language. After that, the name of the Journal publishing the article should follow, abbreviated according to international nomenclature (Index Medicus), year of publication, volume, initial and final page of the article in the Journal. Example: 16. Guzmán S., Nervi F., Llanos O. et al.: Impaired liquid clearance in patients with previous acute pancreatitis. Gut. 1985;26:888-91.

b) Book chapters: Ejemplo: 18. Croxatto H.: Prostaglandinas. Funciones endocrinas del riñón. En: Pumarino E. ed. Endocrinología y Metabolismo, Santiago: Editorial Andrés Bello, 1984; 823-40.

c) For other publication styles, use examples cited in Rev Chil Pediatr 1999; 70: 145-61.

d) Electronic Documernt Format (ISO)

JINGUITUD A., Adriana y VILLA, Hugo. ¿Es frecuente la deshidratación hipernatrémica como causa de readmisión hospitalaria en recién nacidos? Rev Chil Pediatr. 2005,76:471-478., last visit 03-01-2010.

3.9 Tables

Each Table should be presented in a separate page, as indicated in the relevant section of the OJS system. Tables should be numbered in consecutive order, with a brief title heading each Table. A brief or abbreviated heading should identify each column, above it. Horizontal lines should separate general titles and heading only. Data columns should be separated by spaces and not lines. When notes are required to clarify content, they should be added at the foot, not at the head of the Table. Clarifications at the foot of the Table should be added whenever non-standard abbreviations are used. Each Table should be cited consecutively in the text.

3.10 Figures

Figures include any type of illustration which is not a Table (Graphs, X-rays, EKGs, Echos, etc). Photographic reproductions are nor accepted. Images and Tables should be sent as a .JPG or.TIFF file, with a minimum resolution of 300dpi or better.

Letters, numbers and symbol should be clearly seen in the full surface of the photograph, and have sufficient size to be legible when reduced for publication. Symbols, arrows or letters used to identify images in photographs of microscopic preparations must be of sufficient size and contrast to be detected from the environment. Each figure must be cited in the text consecutively.

If a figure is reproduced from published material, the source must be identified, and written permission from author or editor must be obtained to reproduce it in the paper.

Color illustrations must be discussed with the Journal Editor, and will be charged to the author.

The total number of Tables and Figures may not add to more than Five (5)

3.11 Measurements

Units of measurement must correspond to the Decimal Metric System (Annals of Internal Medicine 1979;90:98-99). In Spanish, decimals are marked with a comma, and thaousands and multiples of a thousand are separated by a period.

3.12 Reprints

Reprints must be requested in writing after receiving acceptance of the publication. Cost is paid directly to the press by the author.

3.13 Authors

Author list may only include those individuals who participated significantly in the work published, and can therefore become responsable to the public for the content. Contributors are those who contributed effectively in the study a) design, b) data collection, c) data analysis, d) statistical analysis, e) manuscript editing, f) others (should be specified). Specific contribution should be detailed in the Acknowledgement Letter. Authors must be professionals properly identified by name, initial of middle name and last name or last names. They should also identify their Specialty and Sub-specialty, and the Institution they belong to. In the case of students, they may participate as authors, but may not be the contact author.

The author must be detailed identified, first name and last name included. If an ORCYD identifier is provided, it will be used as the author identity.

3.14 Acknowledgements and various contributions.

As an appendix to the text, the following should be added: a) recognized contributions that are not authorship; b) recognition of technical assistance nocimiento; c) recognition of material and financial support, and d) financial relationships that might constitute a conflict of interest.

Financial or material support of any nature must be specified. If the paper is accepted, all other financial relationships that might constitute a conflict of interest must be included as specified in the Attached Letter.


This type of article is usually requested by the Editorial Committee of the Review. It is written by known experts in the subject, and contain a general visión of the issue, recently described aspects, personal experience of the Author(s), and a proposal for the clinical and experimental future in the area.


Review articles summarize and analyze available information regarding a specific subject based on a careful search of the medical literature. Since individual studies can be affected by many factors, combination of their results can be useful in reaching conclusions on the prevention, diagnosis or treatment of a specific illness.

They should include a structured Abstract containing main aspects examined, sources where the information was obtained, methodology for search and selection of articles used for the review, the maximum length should not exceed 3500 words.


Letters to the Editor are a way to entertain the readers' comments, questions or criticisms regarding published articles. Brief research and case reports may also be published as letters to the editor. It may not be longer than one (1) page in length, and contain more than five references. It should include a title or heading to permit identification.

These communications are registered in bibliographic indices and may be used as bibliographic references if necessary

Article Submission for Publication (Letter of acknowledgement)

According to the Publication Policy of Revista Chilena de Pediatría, I am submitting the following manuscript.

to be considered for publication in that scientific Journal, stating the following:

1. This is an original article, based on clinical or experimental research, public health, social or bioethical medicine, that fully follows the UNIFORM REQUISITES FOR PUBLICATIONS SUBMITTED TO BIOMEDICAL JOURNALS of the International Committee of Medical journals,, april 2010.

2. This is an unpublished manuscript, not sent for revisión, not published partially or fully in any other national or foreign Journal.

3. There are no financial obligations of any kind with any State or private organizationthat might affect the content, results or conclusions of this research. Should there be financial sources of any kind, these are detailed in the attached letter.

4. Contributions to the submitted work are detailed, as identified with the corresponding letter: (a) Study design (b) Data or patient collection (c) Data or Result Analysis (d) Manuscript Editing (e) Statistical Analysis (f) Other (specified).

Name and signature of all authors certifies approval of the manuscript submitted, Indicate responsable author and address for correspondence, clearly indicating if your email address may be mentioned in the publication.













Please answer the following table.l.

Abreviations for Units of Measure

The following list indicates internationally accepted abbreviations or symbols most frequently used in publications in this Journal. Authors should use them in manuscripts submitted to Revista Chilena de Pediatría for publication.

Sending of manuscripts

Text that will be able to contain referring information to the sending of the original.

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Sociedad Chilena de Pediatría

Alcalde Eduardo Castillo Velasco #1838, Ñuñoa
Casilla 593, Correo 11
Santiago - Chile
Tel.: (56-2) 2237 1598 -2237 9757
Fax: (56-2) 2238 0046