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Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia

versión On-line ISSN 0718-686X

Anales Instituto Patagonia (Chile) v.36 n.2 Punta Arenas  2008

http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-686X2008000200008 

 

Anales Instituto Patagonia (Chile), 2008. 36(2):75-78

NOTAS

ON THE GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF PARABROTEAS SARSI (MRÁZEK, 1901) (COPEPODA, CALANOIDA).

SOBRE LA DISTRIBUCIÓN GEOGRÁFICA DE PARABROTEAS SARSI (MRÁZEK, 1901) (COPEPODA, CALANOIDA).

 

Patricio De los Ríos1 & Reinaldo Rivera1

1 Universidad Católica de Temuco, Facultad de Recursos Naturales, Escuela de Ciencias Ambientales, Casilla 15-D, Temuco, Chile, e-mail (1): prios@uct.cl, (2): patorios@msn.com


Parabroteas sarsi (Mrázek, 1901) (Copepoda, Calanoida) is a typical species from Southern South American and Sub-Antarctic water bodies (45-68° S, Ruiz & Bahamonde 1989, Bayly 1992), this species can be found in shallow ponds and few large and deep lakes (Menu-Marque & Marinone 1986, Janiec 1993, Modenutti et al. 1998, Pugh et al. 2002, De los Ríos 20031, Reissig et al. 2004, Dartnall 2005, De los Ríos & Contreras 2005, Villalobos 2006, Soto & De los Ríos 2006, De los Ríos & Soto 2007). This species has a large body (TL: 5.0- 7.0 mm), and it is the biggest free living copepod (Araya & Zúñiga 1985, Villalobos 2006), and it is an active zooplanktivorous predator (Hannsson & Tranvik 1997, Menu-Marque & Balseiro 2000, Hannsson & Tranvik 2003), and it predates on juvenile of cladocerans and copepods (Diéguez & Balseiro 1998, Modenutti et al. 1998, Vega 1999). The aim of the present note is to study the spatial distribution of the species P. sarsi for es-tablishing distribution its in Southern South América and Sub-Antarctic islands.

TAXONOMIC STATUS

Phylum: Arthropoda
Superclass: Crustácea
Class: Maxillopoda
Subclass: Copepoda
Order: Calanoida
Family: Centropagidae Sars, 1903.
Parabroteas sarsi Mrázek, 1901 (= Parabroteas michaeíseni Mrázek, 1901; Limnocaíanus sarsi Daday, 1902; Gigantella sarsi Ekman, 1900).

SPACIAL DISTRIBUTION

ARGENTINA

Fantasma lagoon (41°07' S; 71° 27' W) (Balseiro & Vega 1994), Juncos lagoon (40°04' S 71° 00' W) (Menu-Marque & Balseiro 2000), Rivadavia Lake (42° 34'S, 71°40' W) (Modenutti et al. 2003), Colhue-Huapi Reservoir (45°30' S; 68° 46' W) (Menu-Marque & Marinone 1986), Argentino Lake (50°15' 72° 33' W) (Daday 1902), Cabo Vírgenes ponds (52°19' S; 68° 21' W), Sarmiento ponds (45° 35' S; 69° 04' W), Estancia María Behety (57° 48' S, 67°53' W), Río Chico ponds (50°02' S, 68°32' W), Tres Lagos ponds (49° 36' S, 71°30' W) (Adamowicz et al. 2007).

CHILE

Los Palos lagoon (45° 19'S, 72° 42'W), Riesco lake (45°46'S, 72°20'W) (Villalobos 19992), ponds at Balmaceda I, II y III (45°53'S, 71°40'W) (De los Ríos 2008), Chiguay lagoon (45°56' S; 71° 50' W) and Elizalde lake (45° 45' S; 72° 25' W) (Araya & Zúñiga 1985). Permanent ponds: Redonda (51°01'S, 72°52'W), Larga (51°01'S, 72°52'W), Cisnes (51°01'S, 72°52'W) (Soto & De los Ríos 2006), Guanaco (51°01'S, 72°50'W), Don Alvaro (51°01'S, 72°52'W) (De los Ríos 20032). Epheme-ral ponds: Vega del Toro (51°07'S, 71°40'W), Kon Aikén (52°50'S, 71°10'W) (De los Ríos 2005a); Kon Aikén (I-VI) 52°50'S, 70°50'W), Monte and de los Patos Bravos lagoons (53°09' S; 70° 57' W) (Mrázek 1901), Porvenir ponds (53°17'S, 70°19'W) (De los Ríos et al. 2008).

ANTARCTIC AND SUB-ANTARCTIC ISLANDS

Falkland Islands (51°38' S; 57°52' W) (Rin-guelet 1956), South Georgia Islands (54°10' S; 36° 41' W) (Hannson et al. 1996), South Orkney Islands (60°43' S; 45°38' W), Graham land (63°26' S; 57°01' W), Palmer land (68° 12' S, 67° 00' W) (Pugh et al. 2002), King George Island (62°01' S; 58° 04' W) (Campos et al. 1978).

In according to the present results, the species P. sarsi is located between 41-68° S, nevertheless, the literature mentioned that this species can be found at 38° S in Neuquen Province, Argentina (Ringuelet 1956) and Antarctic continent (Janiec 1993); nevertheless unfortunately both references do not specify details about the records of this species. About the distribution in Chilean continent, it is possible found this species at south of 45° S (De los Ríos 2008). In fact this species was not recor-ded in northern Patagonia (38-41° S), where it is possible found shallow ponds, small lakes, and large and deep lakes mainly in Araucanía región similar to water bodies of Torres del Paine National Park (39° S, De los Ríos, pers. obs.). This result does not agree with other references that described the presence of this species at northern Patagonia (41-45° S, Villalobos 2006) and central Chile (Brehm 1936). In fact, Brehm (1936) mentioned the record of this species in Verde lagoon (32° S; Valparaíso región), but in the text, it is mentioned as "ostracod" and this generates confusión and by this reason it is not possible to find this species at central Chilean inland waters.

This species, can coexist with other similar species reported for southern South América, such as B. gracilipes, B. michaelseni and B. poopensis and species recorded for southern South América, Antárctica and Sub-Antarctic islands such as B. brasiliensis, B. brevicaudata, and B. poppei (Menu-Marque et al. 2000, De los Ríos et al. 2008). The habitáis of P. sarsi are mainly shallow permanent and ephemeral ponds with a low and modérate conductivity (De los Ríos 2005a, De los Ríos & Contreras 2005, Soto & De los Ríos 2006). Also, this species can be found in depth layers of few large and deep lakes mainly at 45° S (Modenutti et al. 2003, Reissig et al. 2004, De los Ríos & Soto 2007). Also, the habitáis of P sarsi are exposed to high levéis of natural ultraviolet radiation due to ozone depletion (Morris et al. 1995, Marinone et al. 2006), and this species has photoprotective strategies such as synthesis of photoprotective substances (Tartarotti et al. 2004), that provide protection against damage of ultraviolet radiation (De los Ríos 2005b, 2007).

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The authors express their gratitude to the Projects DGI-CDA-01, and for anonymous persons that collaborate in field works.

 

NOTES

1 De los Ríos, P. 2003. Efectos de las disponibilidades de recursos energéticos, estructurales y de protección sobre la distribución y abundancia de copépodos y cladóceros zooplanctónicos lacustres chilenos. Tesis de Doctorado, Universidad Austral de Chile, Facultad de Ciencias, Valdivia, Chile. 107 pp.

2 Villalobos, L. 1999. Determinación de la capacidad de carga y balance de fósforo y nitrógeno de los lagos Riesco, Los Palos y Laguna Escondida en la XI región. Informe Técnico, Fondo de Investigación Pesquera, Chile, FIP-IT/97-39.

 

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Received: Aug., 18, 2008

Accepted: Oct, 24, 2008