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Ingeniare. Revista chilena de ingeniería

versión On-line ISSN 0718-3305

Ingeniare. Rev. chil. ing. v.14 n.2 Arica ago. 2006

http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-33052006000100010 

  Ingeniare - Revista Chilena de Ingeniería, vol. 14 No. 2, 2006, pp. 159-166

TRANSFORMATIONAL AND TRANSACTIONAL LEADERSHIP:
A STUDY OF THEIR INFLUENCE IN SMALL COMPANIES

LIDERAZGO TRANSFORMACIONAL Y TRANSACCIONAL:
UN ESTUDIO DE SU INFLUENCIA EN LAS PEQUEÑAS EMPRESAS

Liliana Pedraja-Rejas1    Emilio Rodríguez-Ponce1   Milagros Delgado-Almonte1
   Juan Rodríguez-Ponce1

1 Universidad de Tarapacá. Av. 18 de Septiembre 2222 Arica, Chile. lpedraja@uta.cl, erodrigu@uta.cl, mdelgado@uta.cl, jrodriguez@gmail.com



RESUMEN

Este trabajo tiene como objetivo principal descubrir si existe o no influencia de los estilos de liderazgo sobre el desempeño en las pequeñas empresas. Para este efecto se trabaja con la tipología de liderazgo transformacional, liderazgo transaccional y el estilo laissez faire con una muestra de 96 gerentes de pequeñas empresas del norte de Chile.

Los resultados observados indican que el estilo de liderazgo transformacional se presenta en un bajo grado en las empresas en estudio, mientras que el estilo transaccional se presenta en un alto grado en las organizaciones estudiadas y el estilo laissez faire es muy poco frecuente.

Asimismo, considerando los efectos del liderazgo sobre la eficacia de las pequeñas empresas analizadas, se observa que el liderazgo transformacional tiene un impacto positivo sobre la eficacia, en tanto que el liderazgo transaccional y laissez faire tienen un impacto negativo.

Palabras clave: Dirección estratégica, liderazgo transaccional, liderazgo transformacional, liderazgo laissez faire, pequeña empresa.

ABSTRACT

This work aims at finding out whether or not leadership style influences the performance of small firms. For this purpose, the study utilized the categories of transformational, transactional leadership and laissez faire style, with a sample of 96 managers of small companies in northern Chile.

The results obtained show that, in the organizations studied, transformational leadership is moderate, whereas the transactional style is frequent and laissez faire style is infrequent.

Similarly, with regard to the effects of leadership on the effectiveness of the small companies analyzed, it was found that transformational leadership has a positive impact on performance, whereas transactional leadership and laissez faire style had a negative impact.

Keywords: Strategic management, transformational leadership, transactional leadership, laissez faire leadership, small business.



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Recibido el 9 de septiembre de 2005, aceptado el 17 de enero de 2006