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Revista Facultad de Ingeniería - Universidad de Tarapacá

versión On-line ISSN 0718-1337

Rev. Fac. Ing. - Univ. Tarapacá v.12 n.2 Arica dic. 2004

http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-13372004000200009 

 

REVISTA FACULTAD DE INGENIERÍA, U.T.A. (CHILE), VOL. 12 Nº2, 2004, pp. 63-74

EFECTOS DEL ESTILO DE LIDERAZGO SOBRE LA EFICACIA DE LAS ORGANIZACIONES PÚBLICAS1

Liliana Pedraja R.2     Emilio Rodríguez P.3

[1] Trabajo derivado de Proyecto de Investigación Mayor Universidad de Tarapacá, Nº 9703-01, 2001.

[2] Académico Departamento de Industrias. Facultad de Ingeniería. Universidad de Tarapacá, Arica-Chile, lpedraja@uta.cl

[3] Académico Departamento de Administración. Facultad de Ciencias, Administrativas y Económicas. Universidad de Tarapacá, Arica-Chile, erodrigu@uta.cl


RESUMEN

El presente estudio tiene como objetivo fundamental analizar la influencia del estilo o tipos de liderazgo sobre la eficacia de un conjunto de organizaciones públicas. Para este efecto, se trabaja con una muestra de 42 directivos pertenecientes a 10 instituciones públicas de la Región de Tarapacá. En este contexto, se relacionan econométricamente 3 dimensiones o estilos de liderazgo y la eficacia, construida a partir de un conjunto de factores debidamente ponderados.

Los resultados de la investigación demuestran que las organizaciones públicas presentan el estilo participativo y colaborativo en alto grado, en tanto que el estilo de liderazgo instrumental se presenta en grado medio. Por su parte, el estilo de liderazgo participativo y el estilo de liderazgo colaborativo influyen de modo positivo sobre la eficacia de las organizaciones públicas, en tanto que el estilo de liderazgo instrumental influye de manera negativa sobre la eficacia de las organizaciones públicas.

Palabras claves: Estilos de liderazgo, eficacia, organizaciones públicas.

ABSTRACT

The main objective of the present work is to analyze the influence of leadership style on the effectiveness in a group of public organizations. This study considered a sample of 42 directors from 10 public organizations in the Tarapacá region of Chile. In this context, leadership styles, is relationship with effectiveness.

Results obtained show that these public institutions present a high degree of collaborative and participative leadership styles, whereas instrumental leadership style appears at a medium level. In addition, participative and collaborative leadership styles have a positive influence on the effectiveness of public organizations, while instrumental leadership style has a negative influence.

Keywords: Leadership style, effectiveness and public organizations.


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Recibido el 11 de marzo de 2004, aceptado el 28 de octubre de 2004