versión On-line ISSN 0717-9707
J. Chil. Chem. Soc. v.54 n.3 Concepción 2009
J. Chil. Chem. Soc, 54, N° 3 (2009), págs.; 327-329
CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF 5,6,812b-TETRAHYDRODIOXOLO[4,5-g]ISOINDOLO[1,2-α]ISOQUINOLIN-8-ONE (C17H13NO3)
ANTONIO GALDÁMEZ,a VICENTE CASTRO-CASTILLO,a,b BRUCE K. CASSELSa
aDepartamento de Química, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Chile. Casilla 653, Santiago, Chile
bDepartamento de Química, Facultad de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad Metropolitana de Ciencias de la Educación, Santiago, Chile.
The title compound was prepared by cyclization of 2-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)ethyl-3-hydroxyisoindolin-l-one in concentrated hydrochloric acid. The compound crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pca21 (No. 29) with a = 27.034(5) Å, b = 4.5093(9) Å, c = 10.667(2)Å, V = 1300.4(4) Å3 and Z = 4. The crystal consists of a single enantiomer. The molecule consists of two essentially flat moieties forming an dihedral angle of 116.3(2)°. The crystal slructure has intermolecular C-H-O interactions resulting in chains that run along the crystallographic c-axis.
Keywords: crystal structure, isoindolo[1,2-α]isoquinolin-8-one, X-ray diffraction
Although the isoindolo[1,2-α[isoquinolin structure has been known for more than four decades,1 and its rigid tetracyclic skeleton may be expected to support a wide variety of drug-like compounds, no pharmacological studies have been published on the (unknown) parent substance or its easily accessible 8-oxo derivatives. To fill this gap we have prepared a series of 5,6,8,12b-tetrahydroisoindolo[1,2-α]isoquinolinisoquinoline-8-ones substituted with one to three methoxy or a methylenedioxy group, all on ring A. These compounds are generally crystalline solids, and we have selected the 2,3-methylenedioxy analogue 5,6,8,12b-tetrahydrodioxolo[4,5-g]isoindolo[1,2-α]isoquinolin-8-one (1) for definitive proof of its structure by X-ray crystallography.
To a solution of phthalic anhydride (5.0 g, 33.7 mmol) in ethanol (50 mL) was addedhomopiperonylamine (5.6 g, 33.7 mmol). The mixture was stirredat 80 °C for one hour, cooled to room temperature and filtered. The solid product was dissolved in dioxane-methanol (1:1, 80 mL), sodium borohydride (1.2 g, 31.3 mmol) was added in small portions at 0 °C, stirred for 30 minutes and subsequently heated under reflux for 3 hours, concentrated (to 15 mL) and finally diluted with water (150 mL) and filtered. The precipitate was dissolved in 37% hydrochloric acid (50 mL), stirred at reflux temperature for one hour, and diluted with ice-water (100 mL). Crystallization in methanol gave 5,6,8,12b-tetrahydrodioxolo[4,5-g]isoindolo[1,2-α]isoquinolin-8-one (2.8 g, overall yield 35%) as colorless, blocky crystals (Scheme 1).
Single-crystal X-ray diffraction data were obtained with the use of graphite monochromatized MoKa radiation (λ =0.71073 Å) at 293 K on a Bruker AXS SMART CCD area detector diffractometer. The collection of the intensity data was carried out with the SMART program.2 Cell refinement and data reduction were done using SAINT.2 The observed Laue symmetry and systematic extinctions clearly pointed to the space group _Pca21 (No. 29). The structure was solved by direct methods and refined on F2 by full-matrix least-squares. All H atoms were found in difference Fourier maps and refined freely [C-H = 0.94(2)-1.08(2)]. The final cycle of refinement included all anisotropic displacement parameters and converged to a final R = 0.0362 and wR2 = 0.0472. The maximum and mínimum peaks on the final difference Fourier map corresponded to 0.105 eÅ-3 and -0.105 eÅ-3. The SHELXL package of crystallographic programs was used to solve and refine the structure.3 Atomic scattering factors were taken from SHELXTL/PC. The molecular graphics used to prepare material for publication were drawn using DIAMOND.4
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Although the synthetic route used (Scheme 1) can only lead to the racemic compound, the crystal contains a single enantiomer.
The crystal data are summarized in Table 1. Selected bond lengths and angles with their estimated standard deviations (esd's) are given in Table 2. A perspective view of the molecular structure with the atom labels is depicted in Figure 1.
The structure of the molecule is essentially angular and shows two main planes. Plane A, defined by N7, C8, C8a, C9, C10, C11, C12, C12a and C12b, has a maximum deviation of 0.0383 Å, where atoms C5 and C6 are displaced by 1.49(5) Å and 0.107(5) from the mean plane , respectively. The plane B, defined by C2, O3, O1, C13a, C3a, C13, C4, C4a and C12c, presents a maximum deviation of 0.0296 Å. The dihedral angle formed with the previous plane is 116.3(2)°.
The X-ray crystal structures of the alkaloid nuevamine (11,12-dimethoxy-5,6,8,12b-tetrahydrodioxolo[4,5-g]isoindolo[1,2-a]isoquinolin-8-one) (2) and the synthetic intermediate 12b-methoxycarbonyl-5,6,8,12b-tetrahydrodioxolo[4,5-g[isoindolo[1,2-a]isoquinolin-8-one (3) have been reported quite recently.5
In view of the fact that the crystal of 1 studied here contained a single enantiomer, it is of interest to note that synthetic racemic nuevamine (2) was resolved spontaneously by recrystallization.5 The C8-N7-C6 bond angle [124.6(3)°] in 5,6,8,12b-tetrahydrodioxolo[4,5-g]isoindolo[1,2-a]isoquinolin-8-one (1) is very similar to the corresponding angles in 2 and 3, 123.53(15)° and 122.85(13)°, respectively. The C6-N7-C12b-C12a torsión angle [170.4(3) °] in 1 and the corresponding torsión angle in 3 [172.30(14)°] are also similar. However, the geometry at N7 [C8-N7-C6-C5 = 100.3(4)°] in 1 is quite different in 3 [169.95(15)°], as in 1 the conformation of the tetrahydropyridine ring is a half-chair, while in 3 it is a half-boat. All the other relevant structural parameters (bond distances and angles) are as expected and in acceptable agreement with the recently described analogues.
The crystal packing results in intermolecular C2-H2p...08 interactions (Fig. 3 and Table 3), with H-acceptor distances which are less than the sum of the van der Waals radii. These interactions result in chains that run along the crystallographic c-axis.
V. C.-C. is the recipient of a MeceSup (UMCE-0204) fellowship. M. T. Garland and A. Ibáñez are thanked for the X-ray measurements and FONDAP Grant N° 11980002 for the purchase of the Bruker SMART CCD single crystal diffractometer. This work was supported in part by CONICYT grant AT-23070040 and ICM grant P05-001-F.
Supplementary Information: Crystallographic data (excluding structure factors) for the structural analysis have been deposited in the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre, CCDC 717800. These data can be obtained free of charge from The Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre via www.ccdc.cam.ac.uk/data_request/cif (or from the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre; Postal Address: CCDC, 12 Unión Road, Cambridge CB21EZ, UK, Telephone: (44) 01223 762910, Fax: (44) 01223 336033, e-mail: deposit@ ccdc.cam.ac.uk).
1. Winn, M.; Zaugg, H. E. J. Org. Chem. 33, 3779 (1968). [ Links ]
2. SMART, SAINTPLUS V6.02, SHELXTL V6.10 and SADABS; Bruker Analytical X-ray Instruments Inc, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. [ Links ]
3. Sheldrick, G. M., 1997. SHELXL-97. Program for the Refinement of Crystal Structures. University of Göttingen, Germany. [ Links ]
4. Brandenburg, K. DIAMOND. Visual Crystal Structure Information System. Version 2. Ie Crystal Impact GbR, Bonn, Germany 1999. [ Links ]
5. Wakchaure, P.B.; Easwar. S.; Puranik. V.G.; Argade, N.P. Tetrahedron, 64, 1786 (2008). [ Links ]
(Received: January 26, 2009 - Accepted: July 3, 2009)