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Gayana (Concepción)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-6538

Gayana (Concepc.) v.69 n.1 Concepción  2005

http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-65382005000100001 

 

Gayana 69(1): 1-5, 2005

AMBIENTE TERRESTRE

 

A NEW SPECIES OF SCANIA OLIVARES (LEPIDOPTERA, NOCTUIDAE, AUSTRANDESIINI)

UNA NUEVA ESPECIE DE SCANIA OLIVARES (LEPIDOPTERA, NOCTUIDAE, AUSTRANDESIINI)

 

Tania S. Olivares1 & Andrés O. Angulo2

1Casilla 4040 Correo 3. Concepción. Chile. E-mail: tolivare@udec.cl
2Universidad de Concepción. Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Oceanográficas. Departamento de Zoología. Casilla 160-C. Concepción. Chile. E-mail: aangulo@udec.cl


ABSTRACT

This work presents a new species closed to S. strigigrapha (Hampson), S. trimaculata sp.nov., from the high Andean region (Las Trancas, VIII Region, Chile). The adult male and its genitalia are described and illustrated.

Keywords: Taxonomy, S. trimaculata n. sp., S. strigigrapha Hampson, High Andean region, Chile.

RESUMEN

Se describe una nueva especie próxima a S. strigigrapha (Hampson) nominada S. trimaculata n. sp. de la región altoandina (Las Trancas, VIII Región, Chile). Se describen e ilustran el adulto y su genitalia.

Palabras claves: Taxonomía, S. trimaculata n. sp., S. strigigrapha Hampson, región altoandina, Chile.


INTRODUCTION

The genus Scania Olivares was described in Olivares (1994) and consists of 10 species, and was described fully in that work. A character, ampulla aviformis, was used in the genus definition, but the presence, in some species as well as in this new species, of a small digit that permits a more successful mating. This work describes the adult and male genitalia of this new species.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

The material reviewed in this present work comes from the Museum of Zoology of the Universidad de Concepción (UCCC), where the types are deposited. The descriptions are made on the based on the wing maculation and the male genitalia structure sensu Angulo & Weigert (1977). The scales in photographs corresponding to 0.5 cm.

Scania trimaculata sp. nov.

DESCRIPTION:

Holotype male (Fig. 11): head, palpus, chocolate-brown patagia and tegulae, bipectinate antennae on thorax, forewings with scales of chocolate-brown background, mixed with some black scales, costal border of the wing with chocolate-brown mixed with black scales, that form the beginning of bands but that do not continue; orbicular, reniform and claviform spots with brown-yellowish scales delimited by chocolate-brown scales, fore legs with brown scales, middle and hindlegs with dark-brown scales. Hind wings white with dark brown scales in the veins and the coastal border of the wing.

Genitalia (Figs. 12-13): Valves rounded without the presence of a neck opening or a hadenid-neck, very weak crown, clasper in bird form, unique this genus, crenulated in its superior and internal lateral portion, protruding from the valve, presents an almost imperceptibly small digit, a simple uncus with four spines, saccus acute, juxta with a spiniform process in its basal portion, aedeagus with three simple spines and a bulbous base.

Female: Unknown

MATERIAL EXAMINED: 1 holotype male, Las Trancas, Chillán, 17-I-53, L. E. Peña coll. (gen. prep.) (UCCC)

Wing expansion: 24 mm (n=1)

OBSERVATIONS: This species has male genitalia similar to the species S. strigigrapha (Hampson) in its form of the clasper and in the number of spines in the aedeagus, but differs in the juxta because S. trimaculata n. sp., presents a spine at the base of the juxta (Figs. 14-15). The size and ground colours differs from other species as is shown in Figs. 1 to 10.


 
1   2
 
3   4
 
5   6
     

Figures 1-6: Fig. 1. S. anelluspinata Olivares, Fig. 2. S. aspersa (Guenée), Fig. 3. S. messia (Butler), Fig. 4. S. neuquensis (Koehler), Fig. 5. S. odontoclasper Olivares, Fig. 6. S. perlucida (Koehler).

Figuras 1-6: Fig. 1. S. anelluspinata Olivares, Fig. 2. S. aspersa (Guenée), Fig. 3. S. messia (Butler), Fig. 4. S. neuquensis (Koehler), Fig. 5. S. odontoclasper Olivares, Fig. 6. S. perlucida (Koehler).


 
7   8
 
9   10
0000000000000000011
     

Figures 7-11: Fig. 7. S. perornata (Koehler), Fig. 8. S. simillima (Koehler), Fig. 9. S. strigigrapha Hampson, Fig. 10. S. tephra (Koehler), Fig. 11. S. trimaculata n. sp.

Figuras 7-11: Fig. 7. S. perornata (Koehler), Fig. 8. S. simillima (Koehler), Fig. 9. S. strigigrapha Hampson, Fig. 10. S. tephra (Koehler), Fig. 11. S. trimaculata n. sp.

Etymology: tri: three; maculata: mark, referring to the three brown-yellowish spots that are present in the forewings.


 

Figures. 12-13. Male genitalia ventral view and aedeagus S. trimaculata; Figs. 14-15. Male genitalia ventral view and aedeagus S. strigigrapha.

Figuras. 12-13. Vista ventral de la genitalia del macho y aedeagus S. trimaculata; Figs. 14-15. Vista ventral de la genitalia del macho y aedeagus S. strigigrapha.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS

The species that share the plesiomorphic characteristic (sensu Olivares 1994) of the presence of the digit are Scania neuquensis (Koehler), S. perornata (Koehler), S. strigigrapha (Hampson), S. odontoclasper Olivares. The rest of the species do not present the digit.

The distribution that was found for the new species, Las Trancas, Chillán, Chile (29º 24'S, 70º 18'W) widens the range of the species, which is found in the Western Branch of the Southern Andean Mountains that lies between Concepción, Chile (36º 50'S, 73º 03' W) and the Bandurrias River, Chile (50º 44'S, 72º 25'W) (Olivares 1994) where S. trimaculata n. sp. it is the most septentrional species of its genus.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This research was financed by the Universidad de Concepción, Research Project Nº. 203.113.060-1.0. We would also like to thank Ms. Marcela A. Rodríguez for her illustration assistance.

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Angulo, A.O. & G.TH. Weigert. 1977. Pseudaletia punctulata (Blanchard) y Pseudaletia impuncta (Guenée): nóctuidos hadeninos similares en Chile. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). AgroSur 5(1): 12-17.         [ Links ]

Olivares, T. S. 1994. Sistemática y filogenia de las especies del género Scania n. gen. (Pseudoleucania in part) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) de la subregión andino-patagónica. Gayana Zool. 58 (1): 27-60.         [ Links ]

 

Fecha de recepción: 20/10/03