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Literatura y lingüística

Print version ISSN 0716-5811

Lit. lingüíst.  n.11 Santiago  1998

http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-58111998001100009 

ABSTRACTS

DE LOS ESPACIOS QUE RESTAN EN LA NOVELA CHILENA ACTUAL
Rodrigo Cánovas
P. Univ. Católica de Chile

  We analyse four recent chilean novels taking in account the notion of Heterotopic Spaces, from Michel Foucault, which relates to the spaces where culture is deconstruct. The novels studied are El nadador, by Gonzalo Contreras, La desesperanza, by José Donoso, Mala onda, by Alberto Fuguet, and La Reina Isabel cantaba rancheras, by Hernán Rivera Letelier. Each of these novels present heterotopic spaces (with its correspondent types of languages) that allow us to define the postmodern condition of chilean citizens at the end of this century.

REFLEJO DE LA COLONIA Y RECONQUISTA EN LA FICCIÓN
HISTÓRICA DE CHILE (1843-1876)

Eva Löfgunt

  This article presents, in a brief and selective way, how the times of Conquest-Colonia and Spanish Reconquest are reflected in a corpus of Chilean narrative texts published between 1843 and 1879.

  Theoretically the article shows the discussion of whether the historic narrative genre is legitimate or not. It also establishes the criteria for the selection of historic narrative texts.

  The presentation and analyses of some of the texts shows that the conflict with the Spanish prevails, no matter what period: Colonia or Independent War.

  In texts that occur in the colonial time, the image of the natives is presented with a doble look: as brave warriors or as barbarian.In texts that ocurr during the Spanish Reconquest, the "desaster" in Rancagua is the most recurrent them. Rancagua created it´s own heros and it´s own civic virtues.

EL SUEÑO DE LA COMUNICACIÓN EN JOSÉ MARÍA ARGUEDAS.
LECTURAS DE LOS RÍOS PROFUNDOS
Miguel Alvarado Borgoño

  This article discusses the substratum of Jose Maria Arguedas's novel Los ríos profundos, based on the hypothesis that the work accounts for the limits of intercultural communication in the context of rural Peru, during the first half of the twentieth century, thus servisng as an example of the limits of such communication in America Latina. I will argue that this is due to the double condition of the novel's author, both as an anthropologist and as a cultural mestizo.

  This double condition of the text's author allows us to understand his work both as a literary and as an ethnoliterary expression, whose poetic project is bassed on a spirituality or sensitaivity defined from the standpoint of incommunication. The analysis adopts as interdisciplinary perspective, drawing on elements of both, literary theory and hermeneutical cultural anthropology.

HOUSE OF MIST, DE MARÍA LUISA BOMBAL:
UNA NOVELA OLVIDADA
Patricia Rubio
Skidmore College

  House of Mist has been mistakenly identified as the English version of La última niebla; as a result, it has not been translated to Spanish and it has received scant critical attention. Although both novels deal with the same topic, they treat it from different perspectives. Intertextual relationships with the fairy tale, especially with the Cinderella and Beauty and the Beast series, are the main support for the development of the romantic plot, the depiction of characters, and the ultimate meaning of House of Mist.

  In this paper, I document the critical confusion which continues to equate both texts. I also analize the significance and the meaning of intertextual connections between House and the above mentioned fairy tales. I conclude that the novel is important for a global understanding of Bombal's work, in that it advances her thinking regarding gender relationships.

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