versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106
Rev. chil. pediatr. v.80 n.5 Santiago oct. 2009
Rev Chil Pediatr 2009; 80 (5): 486
SOUTH CONE OF AMERICA
Esta sección contiene los artículos originales de las Revistas de Pediatría de las Sociedades de Pediatría del Cono Sur seleccionados en el XIII encuentro de Editores, Montevideo, Uruguay 2008, para ser publicados por los países integrantes durante el año 2009.
Seguimiento de la Ictericia Neonatal en Recién Nacidos de Término y Prematuros Tardíos
Follow-up of Neonatal Jaundice in Term and Late Premature Newborns
FERNANDO PERAZZINI FACCHINI1, MARIA APARECIDA MEZZACAPPA2, IZILDA RODRIGUES MACHADO ROSA2, FRANCISCO MEZZACAPPA FILHO3, ABIMAEL ARANHA NETTO4, SERGIO TADEU MARTINS MARBA4
1. Professor colaborador voluntario, Setor de Neonatología, Departamento de Pediatría, Faculdade de Ciencias Médicas, Unlversidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, SP, Brasil.
2. Doutora. Professora assistente, Setor de Neonatología, Departamento de Pediatría, Faculdade de Ciencias Médicas, UNICAMP, Campinas, SP, Brasil.
3. Professor assistente, Setor de Neonatología, Departamento de Pediatría, Faculdade de Ciencias Médicas, UNICAMP, Campinas, SP, Brasil.
4. Doutor. Professor asslstente, Setor de Neonatología, Departamento de Pediatría, Faculdade de Ciencias Médicas, UNICAMP, Campinas, SP, Brasil.
Objective: To report on the results of a project following term and near term newborn infants who were jaundiced during the neonatal period. Methods: Neonates were referred to the follow-up clinic with weight > 2,000 g and/or gestational age > 35 weeks, and jaundice at discharge was initially assessed with an Ingram icterometer or Bilicheck and, if indicated, with a Unistat bilirubinometer (Leica). These newborn infants had bilirubinemia at or above the 40th percentile on the nomogram developed by Bhutani. All infants treated with phototherapy while in hospital were reassessed by laboratory methods 24 hours after withdrawal of treatment. Patients were rehospitalized for intensive phototherapy if their level was greater than or equal to 20 mg/dL. Results: From a total sample of 11,259 neonates, 2,452 (21.8%) were referred to the follow-up clinic, 87.2% (2,140) of whom did return. Eighty returned neonates were readmitted. Return appointments were set for 2,452 patients, 180 (7.3%) of whom had bilirubinemia > 15 mg/dL at discharge. Of these 180, 151 returned for follow-up. Twenty (13.2%) were readmitted for treatment. Of the total number of readmitted patients, two newborn infants had levels > 25 mg/dF and none > 30 mg/dL. All responded rapidly to intensive phototherapy, and there was no need for exchange transfusions. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the regime adopted is effective for detecting and preventing hyperbilirubinemia at risk of causing bilirubin-induced encephalopathy in term and near term newborn infants.
(Key words: Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia/prevention and control, kernicterus/prevention, phototherapy/ utilization).
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Correspondencia a: Fernando Perazzinl Facchin E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org