versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106
Rev. chil. pediatr. v.80 n.5 Santiago oct. 2009
Rev Chil Pediatr 2009; 80 (5): 485
SOUTH CONE OF AMERICA
Esta sección contiene los artículos originales de las Revistas de Pediatría de las Sociedades de Pediatría del Cono Sur seleccionados en el XIII encuentro de Editores, Montevideo, Uruguay 2008, para ser publicados por los países integrantes durante el año 2009.
Evaluación del Impacto de la Implementación de la Iniciativa Hospital Amigable a los Bebés
ANTÔNIO P. CALDEIRA1, EDUARDO GONÇALVES2
1. Doutor. Professor adjunto, Departamento de Saúde da Mulher e da Crianga, Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros (UNIMONTES), Montes Claros, MG, Brasil.
2. Especialista. Professor assistente, Departamento de Saúde da Mulher e da Crianga, UNIMONTES, Montes Claros, MG, Brasil.
Assessment of the Impact of Implementing the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative
Objective: To evaluate the impact of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative on the breastfeeding practices of mothers from the urban area of Montes Claros, MG, Brazil. Methods: A comparative analysis was performed of two cross-sectional breastfeeding indicator studies with randomized samples of children under 2 years of age. One study was carried out before and the other after the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative had been implemented throughout all public pregnancy and childbirth care services in the city. Kaplan-Meyer survival curves were constructed for different breastfeeding patterns. Log rank testing was used to calculate the level of significance of differences between curves for before and after the Initiative. Results: The survival curves demonstrate that breastfeeding rates increased during the study period. The log rank test detected significance for increases in all patterns of breastfeeding (p < 0.000). Median overall breastfeeding duration increased from 8.9 to 11.6 months and median duration of exclusive breastfeeding rose from 27 days to 3.5 months. Conclusions: Implementation of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative in all public maternity units in Montes Claros significantly increased breastfeeding rates in the city. Since the ideal state of affairs has not yet been reached, further strategies must be implemented to promote and support breastfeeding practices.
(Key words: Breastfeeding, healthcare project and program evaluation, human milk, breastmilk, health promotion).
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