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Estudios internacionales (Santiago)

versão On-line ISSN 0719-3769

Resumo

MARTINEZ, Christopher A.. “Surviving” the Argentine Presidency, 1983-2001. Estud. int. (Santiago, en línea) [online]. 2017, vol.49, n.186, pp.91-118. ISSN 0719-3769.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5354/0719-3769.2017.45219.

Between 1979 and 2017, seventeen Latin American presidents have not been able to complete their constitutional terms in office. This article explores the main causes of “failed” presi dencies, that is, those cases in which a popularly elected chief executive is forced from office without affecting the demo cratic order. To do this, we closely examine three presidencies in Argentina (Raúl Alfonsín, Carlos Menem and Fernando de la Rúa), one of the countries with recurring incidences of presidential failure. We find that legislative support plays a pivotal role when it comes to “surviving” in office since it potentially shields the president from the impact of economic crisis, political scandals and social mobilizations.

Palavras-chave : presidential failure; presidential survival; gover nment crisis; Argentina.

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