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Diálogo andino

versión On-line ISSN 0719-2681

Resumen

CASTELLANOS, María Cecilia. THE MIDDLE CALCHAQUI VALLEY (SALTA, ARGENTINA) DURING THE CENTURIES 15TH AND 17TH: CONTRIBUTIONS FROM THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL REGISTER AND THE DOCUMENTARY SOURCES. Diálogo Andino [online]. 2016, n.49, pp.273-286. ISSN 0719-2681.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0719-26812016000100026.

The western gorges of the middle Calchaqui Valley (the currentprovince of Salta, Argentina) took an important role in the regional dynamic. Natural ways linked with other environments as the Puna and gorges as Gualfil, Tacuil and Luracatao composed suitable spaces for the populations settlements. Documentary sources mention that during the 15th and the 17th centuries, this area was part of a multiethnic space, withpopulations which made up fragmented sociopolitical units. That is exactly, within the high gorges, where pukaras are located. They are associated with low enclosures and vast agricultural areas. The archaeological reseachs developed in those populations allowed us to indicate a continuing occupation; at least, from the 11th to the 17th century. In the context of a general project (where this work is included) and taking into account all the works developed by the research team, information about the middle Calchaqui Valley is provided. It is taken into account a temporary period from the 15th to the 17th century. Different indicators in the landscape are worked (as thepukaras), also it is added informationproduced by archaeological researchs and datum mentioned in historical sources.

Palabras clave : middle Calchaquí Valley; high gorges; pukara; 15th-17th centuries.

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