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versión On-line ISSN 0719-2681
PERALES MUNGUIA, Manuel. EARLY EUROPEAN JOURNEYS AND ANDEAN FEASTS: AN ENCOUNTER AT HATUN XAUXA AND ITS IMPLICATIONS ON THE THESIS OF THE HISPANIC-HUANCA ALLIANCE. Diálogo Andino [online]. 2016, n.49, pp.181-195. ISSN 0719-2681. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0719-26812016000100019.
This article provides a critical review about the Hispanic-Huanca alliance theory postulated by Waldemar Espinoza, according to which the inhabitants of the Mantaro Valley in Peru's central highlands joined Francisco Pizarro's soldiery during the Spanish conquest of the Andes, in order to recover their freedom and destroy the Inca state. For this purpose, a reinterpretation about the descriptions of the first European incursions into the region is developed, based on some contributions of the New Conquest History revisionist school. This approach emphasizes on the festive activities that Hernando Pizarro and his men observed at the Inca site of Hatun Xauxa in 1533, in contrast to the role played by that settlement as a ceremonial center and as a setting for feasting and ritual competitive encounters. Finally, Iput into question Espinoza's assumptions that the "feasts" witnessed by the Spaniards were organized exclusively in their honor, but rather met the logical functioning of Andean principles of creation and representation of religious-based forms of power, whose complexities urge to be better investigated to overtake the superficial perspectives that dominate the addressed period.
Palabras clave : Spanish conquest of the Andes; Hispanic-Huanca alliance; Mantaro Valley; Hatun Xauxa; competitive ritual feasts.