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versión On-line ISSN 0719-2681
TUDINI, Flavia. AMERICAN IDENTITY DECOLONIZATION AND CONSTRUCTION OF MYTHS OF INDEPENDENCE: PATRIOTS AND PRIVATEERSIN1800. Diálogo Andino [online]. 2016, n.49, pp.91-100. ISSN 0719-2681. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0719-26812016000100011.
Decolonization of Latin America haveplayed a direct and importantpart in the European imagination in the costruction of identity narratives in Europe. This is the case of Italy, whose patriot Giuseppe Garibaldi has played an important role in the building of indipendent Latin America: in the Republic Riograndense over a period of struggle for independence from the Kingdom of Brazil and the civil war of the Uruguayan Republic. Although recent anniversary of italian unification have producted a conspicuous historiographical activity, little space has been left to the importance of the South American experience (1834-1846) in the myth of the Hero of Two Worlds. It must be stressed that his political ideal and its military ability have been developed in Latin America: its idealism and charisma are shown for the first time in a country that is not his country. In Italy the myth is not born, but it is confirmed, thanks to the work propaganda created by Mazzini: the actions of the South American patriot are then the basis of Italian patriotic legend of Garibaldi.
Palabras clave : Garibaldi; Myth; South America; Press; Mazzini; Europe; mán Republic 1849.