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Diálogo andino

versión On-line ISSN 0719-2681

Resumen

CHAUPIS TORRES, José  y  AGUILAR SAAVEDRA, Ricardo. ELECTORAL REGULATIONS, SUBALTERN ACTORS AND POLITICAL VIOLENCEIN CONGRESSIONAL ELECTIONS OF1877-1878. Diálogo Andino [online]. 2015, n.48, pp.19-30. ISSN 0719-2681.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0719-26812015000300003.

This article will investígate, first the legal aspects, for it will be analyzed from the electoral rules, as the articles of the constitution, the electoral law and the amendments that served as legal support for conducting parliamentary elections 1877. On the other hand, this article will study the electoralpractices andpolitical dynamics implemented by stakeholders during the electoral process -mainly of subaltern actors-, whose strategies, conflicts and alliances were not detached from the existing electoral legislation. Although as we will see in the election of1877 everything could be manipulated by political groups in contention towards achieving electoral victory. The electoral process chosen has two motivations. First, it was one of the most complexes, difficult and violent electoral contests of republican history, due to the tough battle who brought the National Party and the Civil Party. Second, this scene of electoral struggle allow us to understand how elections of high political significance impact on the political dynamics of the systems from an institutional perspective and aspirations of losers and winners, prompting the outbreak of the Pacific War.

Palabras clave : Parliament; electoral system; political struggle; civilism; pradismo.

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