Cuadernos de historia (Santiago)
versión On-line ISSN 0719-1243
ESPINOZA, G. Antonio. STATE, LOCAL COMMUNITIES AND ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS AT THE LIMA DEPARTMENT, PERÚ (1821-1905). Cuadernos de Historia [online]. 2011, n.34, pp. 83-108. ISSN 0719-1243. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0719-12432011000100004.
This article shows that from Independence up to the early twentieth century, regional, provincial and district elites in Lima used the growing educational apparatus to achieve and maintain political hegemony, and that patronage was a key mechanism in this pattern. Many of the alleged and real deficiencies of primary education were directly linked to the search for political power and material resources.
Palabras clave : Primary education; Teachers; State-Building; Patronage; Centralism and decentralization.