Revista clínica de periodoncia, implantología y rehabilitación oral
versión ISSN 0719-0107
GARRIDO FLORES, M et al. Levels of TNF-α increase in gingival crevicular fluid of teeth with asymptomatic apical periodontitis. Rev. Clin. Periodoncia Implantol. Rehabil. Oral [online]. 2011, vol.4, n.3, pp. 130-133. ISSN 0719-0107. doi: 10.4067/S0719-01072011000300010.
Introduction: As a consequence of septic pulp necrosis, the entry of bacterial products into periapical tissues induces the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)- a. This pleiotropic cytokine is involved in the differentiation and activation of osteoclasts to induce bone resorption, a hallmark of asymptomatic apical periodontitis (AAP). Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) has a great potential as a source of factors associated with osteoclastic activity. The aim of this study was to determine the levels of TNF- a in GCF of teeth with PAA and contralateral healthy controls. Methods: A total of 14 patients with clinical diagnosis of AAP were enrolled from the Clinic of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidad de Chile during 2009 and 30-second GCF samples were obtained with paper strips from AAP teeth and contralateral healthy controls. Total protein concentration and TNF- a levels were determined through bisciconitic acid method and ELISA assay, respectively. Paired t test and StataV11 software were used for statistical analysis. Results: Levels of TNF- a were significantly higher in GCF from teeth with AAP than controls when standardized by either 30s of sampling and total protein content. Conclusions: The present study provides preliminary data supporting that TNF- a levels in GCF reflect periapical status. Screening of TNF- a levels in GCF might represent a useful side-diagnostic tool to the monitoring of the apical status.
Palabras clave : TNF- a; asimptomatic apical periodontitis; gingival crevicular fluid.