Revista clínica de periodoncia, implantología y rehabilitación oral
versión On-line ISSN 0719-0107
CARDENAS ESPINOZA, C; ROMERO SAAVEDRA, M y GIACAMAN SARAH, RA. Caries and gingivitis changes among 6 and 12 year-old children of Peralillo, Chile, between 2000 and 2010. Rev. Clin. Periodoncia Implantol. Rehabil. Oral [online]. 2011, vol.4, n.3, pp. 102-105. ISSN 0719-0107. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0719-01072011000300003.
Aim: Given the limited epidemiological information in Chile on the most common oral diseases and the effectiveness of the existent programs, the aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in caries and gingivitis prevalence in a 6 and 12 year-old children from the VI Region, between the years 2000 and 2010. Subjects and Methods: 143 6 and 12 year-old children treated at the CESFAM of Peralillo were clinically examined to detect and diagnose caries and gingivitis. Clinical records of 134 same ages children treated at the same service in the year 2000 were analyzed to compare the indexes. Caries index was obtained by DMFT and dmft and gingivitis was assessed by clinical parameters. Results obtained both years were compared and considered significant if p<0.05. Results: Caries prevalence decreased in the group of 6 year-olds from 89% to 65%, but only DMFT showed a significant reduction from 0.93 to 0.086. In the 12 year-old children, neither caries prevalence nor DMFT showed significant changes within the 10-year period. Conclusions: In spite of a slight decrease, caries prevalence in Peralillo continues to be very high and it has not substantially changed in 10 years. Further similar studies are suggested to assess the efficacy of the current programs in use.
Palabras llave : DMFT; caries prevalence; gingivitis; caries evolution; caries changes; caries risk; caries risk factors.