Boletín de filología
versión On-line ISSN 0718-9303
SALAMANCA GUTIERREZ, Gastón; CIFUENTES BECERRA, Edgardo y FIGUEROA CANDIA, Mauricio. Systematization of criteria for establishing the status of Chilean Spanish phonetic, phonological, and base forms: a reserach and teaching tool. Boletín de Filología [online]. 2011, vol.46, n.2, pp. 107-133. ISSN 0718-9303. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-93032011000200005.
In this study, the criteria that underlie the processes for establishing the status of phonetic, phonological, and base forms of phonic linguistic data are presented in an explicit and systematized manner by means of a series of ordered steps--an algorithm. The steps of the algorithm are: (a) determining the phonetic status of sounds of articulatory origin; (b) distinguishing between segments and sequences; (c) grouping of suspect phones; (d) determining groups of allophones and distributions; (e) determining the base form of the phoneme; and (f) other processes of phonetic-phonological interpretation. All theoretical-methodological discussions are supported with current examples and/or real cases of Chilean Spanish that are difficult to resolve, thus demonstrating the reliability of the theoretical options that undergird each step of the algorithm. Finally, the algorithm's function is summarized and schematized by means of a flow chart.
Palabras clave : phonetics; phonology; phones and phonemes of Chilean Spanish; algorithm.