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versión On-line ISSN 0718-9273
IRARAZABAL, Gustavo. The conception of punishment in the current Magisterium. Veritas [online]. 2012, n.27, pp.193-220. ISSN 0718-9273. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-92732012000200009.
The Catholic Theology of punishment, which for centuries had remained unaltered, has undergone during the last 20 years a deep transformation, due to the conciliar idea of the dignity of the human person, a better understanding of the biblical concept of divine justice, and a new awareness of the deficiencies of the criminal justice system, especially as regards prison. This article, through the analysis of different magisterial documents, illustrates the new perspective of reconciliative justice, which seeks to give retributive sanctions an authentic medicinal orientation, as a potentially meaningful process for their subjects, in order to enable their rehabilitation and reintegration in the community.
Palabras clave : Punishment; retribution; divine justice; reconciliative justice; prison.