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 número16DAÑOS Y PERJUICIOS DERIVADOS DEL DIVORCIO: (doctrina y jurisprudencia en Argentina.)EL SOLIDARISMO CONTRACTUAL EN FRANCIA Y LA CONSTITUCIONALIZACIÓN DE LOS CONTRATOS EN COLOMBIA índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Revista chilena de derecho privado

versión On-line ISSN 0718-8072

Resumen

FLAH, Lily R  y  AGUILAR, Rosana I. LIABILITY OF TOBACCO COMPANIES AND THE ROLE OF THE STATE IN THE PROTECTION OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS: ISSUES RAISED. RChDP [online]. 2011, n.16, pp.163-186. ISSN 0718-8072.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-80722011000100005.

It is well known that cigarette consume is harmful for health and is also 164 known that health is a human right. As a Human Right is established by the Argentine National Constitution and the International Treaties of Human Rigths included by the constitutional reform approved in 1994. Effective enjoyment of this right joins with the protection of consumer, both protected by our Constitution, deserving State guarantee. It is quite important to discriminate who should take responsability for the damage that this consumption causses not only to smokers but also to pasive smokers. Then it is necessary to establish the link between them and the tabacco companies: if it is contractual or non contractual liability or there is a third possibility arising from the right of consumption, and in turn consider the responsability that the smoker in public spaces and even private spaces may asume, opposite to those who are forced to inhale tobacco smoke. Also, to conclude, analize the paradoxical role given to the State who appears as guarantor and at the same time violator of the fumdamental rights committed, becoming actor or defendant in trails concerning this issue.

Palabras clave : cigarette; consume; health; Human Right; Constitution; international treaties; State guarantee; responsability; smokers; pasive smokers; tabacco companies; right of consumption; inhalation tobacco smoke; paradoxical role of the State.

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