versión ISSN 0718-6568
REDON PANTOJA, Silvia. School and Identity: An educational challenge for social cohesion. Polis [online]. 2011, vol.10, n.30, pp. 447-476. ISSN 0718-6568. doi: 10.4067/S0718-65682011000300021.
The present research, that took place in Chile, refers to children's citizenship experience in the realm of school, through the configuration of 'the common' as a social cohesion platform. The methodological design is a case study in eight primary level educational centres. The data analysis from observation, interviews, and documents, results in three main categories: the first is the "alterity" (otherness) with the subcategories submission/domination, gender discrimination and aesthetics. The second large category is 'the common", related to the discursive lines of ownership, participation, democracy, sociability and normative control. And the last is 'identity' related to social prestige, and autonomy versus dependency. The students build different prestige's identities according to social class. The identities match with a normative stereotype modelled by the adult, as control mechanisms to maintain order in school from the 'established power'. This control impacts the ideological, ethical and political horizon of the children's symbolic representations, that are experienced by them as the lack of citizenship in the primary school.
Palabras clave : otherness; the common; identity; social cohesion.