On-line version ISSN 0718-6568
ARANDA BUSTAMANTE, Gilberto and SALINAS CANAS, Sergio. Chronotopes and parousía: mythical identities as political project. Polis [online]. 2010, vol.9, n.27, pp. 15-43. ISSN 0718-6568. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-65682010000300002.
In the process of social identification often the valuation of the past is essential. The objective existence of such a valuation has lead different social actors -in different historical moments- to use the past in shaping the ideologies that are the base for the processes of identification and, consequently, for their own political projects. That is, political myths are manifestly composed of two basic components. On the one hand they consist of the so-called symbolic politics, and on the other hand, they are part of the collective memory. That is why myths face with the very foundations of the project of modernity, being perhaps the reason why political science is the discipline of social sciences that has less studied them. The Andean Utopia, the twelfth imán or mahdi, the hidden and asleep german emperor, and bolivarianism, are some of these political myths.
Keywords : Myth; Identity; Memory; Utopia; Politics.