SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.68 número2Composición Botánica de la Dieta de Alpaca (Lama pacos Linn.) en un Pastizal del Secano Mediterráneo de la Zona Central de ChileEvaluación de un Modelo para Simular el Flujo de Radiación Neta Sobre un Viñedo cv. Cabernet Sauvignon índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Chilean journal of agricultural research

versión On-line ISSN 0718-5839

Resumen

ALFARO, Marta et al. Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium Losses in a Grazing System with Different Stocking Rates in a Volcanic Soil. Chilean J. Agric. Res. [online]. 2008, vol.68, n.2, pp. 146-155. ISSN 0718-5839.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-58392008000200004.

In Chile there is little information on nutrient losses in livestock systems. The experiment was carried out between 2004 and 2006. Two stocking rates (3.5 and 5.0 steers ha-1) were tested under rotational grazing with Black and White Friesian steers on a permanent pasture (67.5 kg N and 40 kg P ha-1 yr-1). To quantify surface runoff losses (N, P, K), three surface lysimeters (5 x 5 m) per treatment were established. N and K leaching losses were estimated with ceramic cups. Runoff and leachate samples were individually analyzed for available and total N, reactive (RP) and total P, and K. Dissolved organic N (DON) and organic P (OP) were estimated as the difference between total and available forms. The stocking rate did not increase total N, P and K losses (P > 0.05). Losses in surface runoff were < 0.5 kg N, < 0.05 kg P and < 0.6 kg K ha-1 yr-1, respectively, due to the low amount of runoff measured. Nitrogen leaching losses were high (11 up to 71 kg ha-1 yr-1) and K leaching losses were low (3 to 5 kg ha-1 yr-1). Nitrogen in runoff was mainly lost as DON (50%). Nitrogen leaching losses were mainly as nitrate (70%). Phosphorus was lost as RP (70%). Thus, stocking rates of 5.0 steers ha-1 are plausible, but fertilizer application should be avoided in rainfall periods during the year to reduce incidental nutrient losses.

Palabras llave : eutrofication; water quality; grazing; Andisol; beef production.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Inglés     · pdf en Inglés