Latin american journal of aquatic research
versión On-line ISSN 0718-560X
TRONCOSO, José et al. Effect of polyunsatured aldehyde (A3) as an antiparasitary ingredient of Caligus rogercresseyi in the feed of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res. [online]. 2011, vol.39, n.3, pp. 439-448. ISSN 0718-560X. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-560X2011000300005.
Some polyunsaturated aldehydes (PUAs) such as 2-trans, 4-trans decadenial (A3) have a detrimental effect on the development of copepod sharmful to the salmon industrysuch as Caligus rogercresseyi (sea lice). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential use of A3 as a salmon feed ingredient in order to reduce reproduction of Caligus rogercresseyi in infested Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). The toxicity of A3 was assessed histopathologically for 7 days, using intra-peritoneal injections of different doses (0, 0.24, 0.47, 2.37, 11.86, and 23.71 mg kg-1) in brain, intestine, skin, liver, and muscletissues of Salmosalar at the end of each treatment. The effect of A3 on sea lice was evaluated using 250 Atlantic salmon in an open-flow system of seawater (~13°C). The effect of the dosage in the fish diet was evaluated at two levels (9 mg kg-1, 18 mg kg-1) and considering a control (without A3) for 4, 8, and 12 days, once the sea lice had reached maturity. As a complement, the persistent effect of diluted A3 in sea water (0.5 g L-1) was evaluated at 10, 12, and 14°C for 0, 1, 3, 6, 10, and 15 days; and the maximum persistence was found at 10 days at 10°C. The results showed that the dosages over 0.47 mg kg-1 had no toxic effect on Atlantic salmon, but induced a detrimental effect on Caligus rogercresseyi (reduction of 15% of mature females with a dose of 18 mg kg-1), which could be attributed to alterations in the embryonic development of the sea lice. A3 is a potential supplement in the diet of salmon. However, studies ofits mechanism of action should be undertaken prior to its use.
Palabras clave : Caligus rogercresseyi; sea lice; PUA; reproduction; A3; infestation; Salmo salar; aquaculture; Chile.