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Estudios de economía

versão On-line ISSN 0718-5286

Resumo

BERTHELON, Matías; KRUGER, Diana I.  e  EBERHARD, Juan P.. Estimating the effects of teen motherhood in Chile: a family fixed effects approach. Estudios de Economía [online]. 2017, vol.44, n.1, pp.5-32. ISSN 0718-5286.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-52862017000100005.

We study the effect of adolescent motherhood on education and labor outcomes among 20-24 year old women in Chile. We identify causal effects of motherhood with family fixed effects using a large data set covering the 1990-2011 period. Teen motherhood has negative effects on education and labor outcomes, and timing of motherhood matters: teen births reduce education outcomes, while young motherhood reduces labor force participation. Labor outcome effects are present among the non-poor, and effects changed between 1990 and 2011. Results highlight the important role of adolescent motherhood in women’s human capital accumulation and income inequality.

Palavras-chave : Adolescent motherhood; education; labor market; teen pregnancy; Chile.

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