Estudios de economía
versión ISSN 0718-5286
ANTON, José-Ignacio; MUNOZ DE BUSTILLO, Rafael y CARRERA, Miguel. Raining stones?: Female immigrants in the Spanish labour market. Estudios de Economía [online]. 2012, vol.39, n.1, pp. 53-86. ISSN 0718-5286. doi: 10.4067/S0718-52862012000100003.
The aim of this paper is to analyze how female migrants fare in the Spanish labor market, a country that has experienced impressive immigration flows during the last decade. Particularly, we explore the differential access to employment and the earning gap faced by this group, considering the interaction between two potential sources of disadvantage fur migrant women: gender and migrant condition. Our findings suggest that migrant women du face this double disadvantage. In both cases, we find an economically significant gap, at least fur migrants from developing countries. Regarding the former, the larger unemployment rate of female migrants is nut explained by observable characteristics. In the case of earnings differential, although human capital endowments play a relevant rule, both the unexplained earnings penalty associated with gender and migrant status slightly rise across the distribution of wages.
Palabras clave : Immigration; Women; Spain; Unemployment; Earnings.