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Estudios constitucionales

versão On-line ISSN 0718-5200

Resumo

GONZALEZ DOMINGUEZ, PABLO. THE DOCTRINE OF CONVENTIONALITY CONTROL IN LlGHT OF THE PRINCIPLE OF SUBSIDIARITY. Estudios constitucionales [online]. 2017, vol.15, n.1, pp.55-98. ISSN 0718-5200.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-52002017000100003.

This article studies the doctrine of conventionality control from an International Human Rights Law perspective. The first section explores the line of jurisprudence of this doctrine, from its creation in Almonacid Arellano et al. v. Chile (2006) to its latest development in Andrade Salmon v. Bolivia (2016). The second section analyzes the conceptual elements of conventionality control: its definition and legal foundations, its subjects, its object, and the normative parameters up on which it must be exercised. The third section responds to some of the strongest criticism that might be raised against the existence of this doctrine, arguing that the validity of conventionality control can be found on the principle of subsidiarity. This article shows a version of conventionality control that would allow increasing the effectiveness of IHRL at the domestic level, but that also recognizes the existence of legitimate spaces offreedom for States to define the scope of human rights and the means to fulfill with their IHRL obligations.

Palavras-chave : conventionality control; relationship between international law and domestic law; principle of subsidiarity and complementarity; Inter-American Court of Human Rights.

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