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Revista ingeniería de construcción
versión On-line ISSN 0718-5073
JARKAS, Abdulaziz M. The effects of buildability factors on formwork labor productivity of grade beams. Rev. ing. constr. [online]. 2010, vol.25, n.2, pp.241-266. ISSN 0718-5073. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-50732010000200004.
Buildability is one of the most important factors affecting labor productivity. Nonetheless, an extensive search of the literature revealed a dearth of research into its effects on in situ reinforced concrete construction, especially at the formwork trade level. Despite the importance of this trade to in situ reinforced concrete material, the influence of buildability factors on formwork labor productivity of major structural elements are yet to be quantified in measurable terms. Grade beams are important structural elements which are primarily used to provide one, or a combination, of the following functions: (1) tie the building foundations to provide the required lateral stiffness at the sub-structural levels; (2) reduce the unsupported free length of columns below grade level; and (3) limit excessive differential settlements of isolated foundations. Therefore, the objective of this research is to investigate and quantify the effects and relative influence of the following buildability factors on formwork labor efficiency of this activity: (a) variability of beam sizes; (b) beam sizes; and (c) number of joints formed at beams intersections. To achieve this objective, a large volume of productivity data was collected and analyzed using the multiple regression method. As a result, the effects and relative influence of the buildability factors investigated are determined. Apart from the variability of beam sizes, the findings show significant effects of these factors on formwork labor productivity, which can be used to provide designers feedback on how well their designs consider the requirements of buildability principles, and the consequences of their decisions on labor efficiency. On the other hand, the depicted patterns may provide guidance to construction managers for effective activity planning and efficient labor utilization.
Palabras clave : Buildability; formwork; grade beams; labor productivity.