Revista de otorrinolaringología y cirugía de cabeza y cuello
versión On-line ISSN 0718-4816
OSORIO M, Jaime et al. Preoperative survey of bleeding in patients undergoing tonsillectomy and or adenoidectomy. Rev. Otorrinolaringol. Cir. Cabeza Cuello [online]. 2012, vol.72, n.1, pp.23-32. ISSN 0718-4816. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48162012000100004.
Introduction: It is reported between 1%% and 6%% of post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage and / or adenoidectomy. The literature discusses the real usefulness of routine hemostasis tests. Standardized questionnaires bleeding could define who make a study of post-tonsillectomy bleeding bleeding to predict and/or adenoidectomy. Aim: To determine the usefulness of a preoperative questionnaire to assess history of bleeding and routine coagulation tests to predict bleeding associated with tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy. Material and method: We performed a prospective cohort study in the Department of Otolaryngology, Hospital Barros Luco. We included patients undergoing tonsillectomy and / or adenoidectomy, with guest under 18 years between January 2008 and June 2010. We used chisquare, Fisher, Student t test as appropriate for the analysis of the groups. Statistical significance was p <0.05. Results: We reviewed 951 records of patients operated in the study period, a total of 1288 surgeries (73.8%%). 65 were excluded due to incomplete information and 272 without questionnaire. The mean (SD) age was 7.70 + 3.5years (range: 1 to 18 years). 54%% of patients were male. The frequency of bleeding was 2.6%%. The ratio of ratios (OR) for age was 1.11 (95%% C11.01 to 1.23) for chronic tonsillitis was 2.56 (95%% C11.15 to 5.69). The tests showed a sensitivity of 4%% and positive predictive value of 3%%. The preoperative bleeding questionnaire had a sensitivity of 24%% and positive predictive value of 3%%. Discussion: The low positive predictive value of the questionnaire and examinations (3%%) was associated with low prevalence of bleeding and other factors involved in postoperative bleeding. The questionnaire had a greaterability to detectpostoperative bleeding (24%%). The use of the questionnaire represents a reliable tool that tests, but less expensive and less traumatic. Altered to a questionnaire study should be performed by complete blood specialist. Conclusions: The preoperative questionnaire is useful to discriminate on who you should coagulation. The routine preoperative tests, prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) in patients without a history not seem to help.
Palabras clave : Questionnaire preoperative bleeding tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy; postoperative bleeding.