Revista de otorrinolaringología y cirugía de cabeza y cuello
versión On-line ISSN 0718-4816
AEDO B, Cristián y MUNOZ S, Daniel. Nontraditional indications for tonsillectomy. Rev. Otorrinolaringol. Cir. Cabeza Cuello [online]. 2010, vol.70, n.2, pp. 165-174. ISSN 0718-4816. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48162010000200012.
Tonsillectomy is the most common surgical procedure in otorhinolaryngology and their indications are well known in the field. The advance in knowledge of their immune function has determined its use in the treatment of other diseases such as IgA nephropathy neuropsychiatric syndromes, periodic fever syndrome, some dermatologic entities, and others. We review the literature to evaluate the available evidence that supports what we cali nontraditional indications. Apparently the evidence for the use of tonsillectomy in the treatment of some diseases is solid, while others still not overcome the theoretical assumption, since there are only isolated cases. Larger studies are needed to consider, with higher methodological quality, to better define the indication for tonsillectomy. This and the multidisciplinary assessment of each case should lead us to the best decision.
Palabras clave : Tonsillectomy; IgA nephropathy; surgical Indication; periodic fever.