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Terapia psicológica

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4808

Resumen

ORTIZ, Manuel; ORTIZ, Eugenia; GATICA, Alejandro  y  GOMEZ, Daniela. Psychosocial Factors Associated with Adherence to Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Ter Psicol [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.1, pp. 5-11. ISSN 0718-4808.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48082011000100001.

It is estimated that rates of non-adherence to chronic diseases are around 50%. International studies have reported some psychosocial factors related to treatment adherence. The purpose of the present study was to detect the relationship between psychosocial factors and treatment adherence in a sample of Type 2 Diabetics subjects from a public health institution. To this end, a non - experimental transversal correlational study was designed with a 50 DM2 subjects sample, which average age was 60,76 years old. Self-report measures of stress level, coping style, depressive symptoms, social support perception and treatment adherence, were obtained. The results revealed that 40% of participants had glycosylated hemoglobin over 9%, and 66% of them shown moderate to high stress levels. In average during the last 7 days, the participants have accomplished the diet 4,37 days, consumed fruits and vegetables 3,14 days and took glycemia test in 1,1 days. There is a direct correlation between the stress level and concentrations of glycosylated hemoglobin. Unlike stress, social support and depressive symptomatology was not associated with treatment adherence. These results confirm low levels of treatment adherence and high rates of stress in DM2 patients, as well as its association with high levels of glycosylated hemoglobin.

Palabras clave : Type 2 diabetes mellitus; treatment adherence; psychological stress; depression; copying style.

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