Revista de filosofía
versión On-line ISSN 0718-4360
CRISTI, Renato. AUTORIDAD, LIBERTAD Y REPUBLICANISMO. Rev. filos. [online]. 2011, vol.67, pp. 9-28. ISSN 0718-4360. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-43602011000100002.
This essay analyzes the conjunction freedom/authority defended by classical republicanism. As a modern thinker, Machiavelli retrieves this classical synthesis and defines the authority of law as the condition ofpossibility for freedom. But, as Eric Neson shows, Machiavelli's republicanism is more Athenian than Roman. Michael Sandel's democratic republicanism has a similar orientation. Besed on the social ontology developed by Arendt and Taylor, Sandel postulates the intrinsic value of the notions ofparticipation and popular sovereignty. In this way he can refute Rorty's objections and his idiosyncratic interpretation of Dewey. According to Sandel, Dewey criticizes liberalism's rejection of authority and is able organically to articulate democratic authority and freedom.
Palabras clave : republicanism; liberalism; freedom; democracy; social ontology.